Alimentary System 9 - Obesity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Alimentary System 9 - Obesity Deck (12)
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1
Q

When is a person considered obese?

A

When they have a BMI of 30 or more

2
Q

Describe the epidemiology of obesity

A
  • Over time the population is becoming more obese
  • Obesity increases with age, peaking at 55-64
  • Affecting the whole world
  • More prevalent in lower classes
3
Q

In which ethnic groups is obesity highest?

A
  • Caucasian
  • Bangladeshi
    Regionally higher in Scotland and North England
4
Q

How does smoking affect BMI?

A

BMI is low but there is greater central obesity

5
Q

List some of the genes involved in obesity

A
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Dopamine
  • Leptin receptor
  • Serotonin receptor
  • Glycagon-like peptide 1 receptor
6
Q

What is the cost of treating diabetes?

A

Direct + indirect costs of up to 3.7 billion

7
Q

List the effects of obesity

A
  • Coronary heart disease is the biggest killer
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Diabetes
  • Gout
  • Stroke
  • Depression
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Gall stones
  • Cancers
  • Infertility
8
Q

What disease has the closest relationship with obesity?

A

Type 2 diabetes

9
Q

How is waist circumference measured?

A
  • Midpoint between the lowest rib and iliac creast

- 1cm above the navel

10
Q

What is the action level when waist circumference starts to increase?

A
  • Action level 1 is where health risk is increasing (women over 80cm men over 94cm)
  • Action level 2 is where professional help is needed (women 88cm men 102cm)
11
Q

How does action level two change in south asian people?

A
  • Men 90cm

- Women 80 cm

12
Q

What do the NICE guidelines recommend for obesity management?

A
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Behavioural therapy
  • Drug treatment
  • Surgery