Alkaloids Flashcards Preview

PCOG > Alkaloids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Alkaloids Deck (83):
1

Syn areca

Areca nut/bunga/betel nut/palm

2

Consti areca

Arecoline
Guvacine

3

Use areca

Anthelmintic
Masticatory

4

Sci name pomegranate

Punica granatum

5

Syn pomegranate

Grenadier/granada/Cartagenian apple

6

Consti pomegranate

Pelletierine

7

Use pomegranata

Anthelmintic
For hemorrhoids

8

Sci name belladonna

Atropa belladonna

9

Syn belladonna

Deadly nightshade

10

Consti belladonna

Atropine
Hyoscyamine
Scopoletin

11

Use belladonna

Antimuscarinic/parasympatolytic
Antispasmodic

12

Sci name hyoscyamus

Hyoscyamus niger

13

Syn hyoscyamus

Henbane
Stinking nightshade

14

Consti hyoscyamus

Scopolamine (hyoscine)

15

Use hyoscyamine

For urinary tract spasms
Antivertigo

16

Sci name stramonium

Datura stramonium

17

Syn stramonium

Jimson weed
Jamestown weed
Thornapple

18

Consti stramonium

Hyoscyamine
Hyoscine

19

Use stramonium

Antiasthma cigarettes
Disorders of ANS
Can cause hallucinations/euphoria

20

Sci name talumpunay

Datura alba
D. metel
D. fastuosa

21

Syn talumpunay

Katsobong
Talongpunay
Thornampple

22

Consti talumpunay

Hyoscyamine
Hyoscine
Atropine

23

Use talumpunay

Antiasthma cigarettes
Antispasmodic

24

Sci name dita

Alstonia scholaris

25

Fam dita

Apocynaceae

26

Syn dita

Tagitan
Dalipaoen

27

Consti dita

Ditaine
Ditamine
Equitine

28

Use dita

Effective subs for quinine
Antipyretic

29

Sci cinchona

Cinchona succiruba
C. calisaya

30

Fam cinchona

Rubiaceae

31

Syn cinchona

Red cinchona
Yellow cinchona

32

Consti cinchona

Quinine
Quinidine

33

Use cinchona

Antimalarial
Prophylaxis of cardiac arrhythmias/atrial fibrillation

34

Sci name areca

Areca catechu

35

Sci nux vomica

Strychnos nux-vomica

36

Fam nux vomica

Loganiaceae

37

Syn nux vomica

Quaker/dog button
Poison nut

38

Consti nux vomica

Strychnine
Brucine

39

Use nux vomica

Formerly used as circulator, rat poison
Respiratory stimulant
Barbiturate antidote

40

Sci ignatia

Strychnos ignatii

41

Syn ignatia

St. Ignatius bean/ poison nut
Catbalogan

42

Consti ignatia

Strychnine
Brucine

43

Use ignatia

Formerly used as circulator, rat poison
Respiratory stimulant
Barbiturate antidote

44

Sci name pilocarpus

Pilocarpus jaborandi

45

Fam pilocarpus

Rutaceae

46

Syn pilocarpus

Jaborandi
Ibiratay
Arauda brava

47

Consti pilocarpus

Pilocarpine
Pilocarpidine

48

Use pilocarpus

Antidote for ateopine poisonic
Miosis

49

Sci veratrum viride

Veratrum viride

50

Fam veratrum

Liliaceae

51

Syn veratrum

American/green hellebore
Tickleweed

52

Consti veratrum

Cervadine
Pseudojervine
Germine

53

Use veratrum

Hypotensive
Cardiac depressant
Sedative

54

Sci name aconite

Acontium napellus

55

Fam aconite

Ranunculaceae

56

Syn aconite

Monkshood
Wolfshane root
Soldier's cap

57

Consti aconite

Aconitine
Neoline

58

Use aconite

Potent, quick acting poison
Hypotensive
Formerly used in liniment for migraine, headache

59

Sci colchicum

Colchicum autumnale

60

Fam colchicum

Liliaceae

61

Syn colchicum

Autumn crocus
Meadow saffron
Naked lady

62

Consti colchicum

Colchicine

63

Use colchicum

Anti-miotic
Antigout

64

Sci name coffee

Coffea arabica

65

Fam coffea

Rubiaceae

66

Syn coffee

Cafe
Coffee bean/seed

67

Consti coffee

Caffeine
Trigonelline
Caffeol

68

Use coffee

Dietetic, stimulant
Diuretic
Treatment of CNS disorders

69

Sci name kola

Kola nitida

70

Fam kola

Sterculiaceae

71

Syn kola

Bitchy/bissy nut
Kola nut

72

Consti kola

Caffeine
Theobromine
Kolatannin

73

Use kola

Stimulant in fatigue
Ing. in carbonated drinks
Mild chronotropic

74

Sci cacao

Theobroma cacao

75

Fam cacao

Sterculiaceae

76

Syn cacao

Chocolate
Cocoa bean

77

Consti cacao

Caffeine
Theobromine

78

Use cacao

Weak stimulant, potent diuretic
Smooth muscle relaxant, antioxidant

79

Sci name tea

Camellia sinensis

80

Fam tea

Theaceae

81

Syn tea

Tsha
Thea

82

Consti tea

Caffeine
Theophylline
Theobromine

83

Use tea

Stimulant
Astrjngent antioxidant