Flashcards in ALS Algorithm Deck (10):
How do you confirm cardiac arrest?
- sternal rub
- cessation of breathing (agonal breathing not included)
Not central (carotid) pulse - can check it simultaneously (caution false positive)
When do you start chest compressions?
What is the standard energy setting for the defib?
What do you do for non-shockable?
Immediate adrenaline (1mg IV/IO)
What are the shockable rhythms?
What are the 4H's and 4T's of reversible causes of cardio arrest?
Hyper/hypokalaemia, metabolic abnormality
Management of hyperkalaemia?
Calcium chloride (or gluconate if chloride unavailable)
Insulin and dextrose
(in that order)
Signs of tension pneumo?
Asymmetrical chest expansion
Absent breath sounds
When do you think of tamponade?
Post cardiac surgery
After some other procedure