American Lit Authors (Pt 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in American Lit Authors (Pt 1) Deck (28):
0

Wrote about Indian adventures, explorations, Pocahontas; his book "A True Relation of Virginia" is the first book in American literature

Captain John Smith

1

Known as the "Father of American History"; wrote "Of Plymouth Plantation", an eyewitness account of the pilgrim's journey to the New World

William Bradford

2

Name the 3 Puritan poets:

Anne Bradstreet, Michael Wigglesworth, Edward Taylor

3

First published poet in America and first colonist to write a sizable body of verse (noted for first collection of verse by an American woman); wrote "Verses upon the Burning of Our House" and "The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America"

Anne Bradstreet

4

Wrote "The Day of Doom", the first bestseller in America

Michael Wigglesworth

5

Wrote "Meditation One" and "Huswifery"

Edward Taylor

6

Wrote "An Ecclesiastical History of New England"

Cotton Mather

7

Led Great Awakening; preached "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"; writing themes are regard distinguishing true religions experience from false (religious knowledge must be in heart, not head)

Jonathan Edwards

8

Wrote "Poor Richards Almanac"

Benjamin Franklin

9

Wrote "Common Sense" and "The American Crisis"

Thomas Paine

10

Wrote the "Declaration of Independence"

Thomas Jefferson

11

Wrote famous addresses (speeches) and letters

George Washington

12

Who were the writers of the Federalist papers?

James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay

13

Poet of the American Revolution, wrote bitter satires and political poems, also wrote about the rising glory of America

Philip Freneau

14

Born in Africa and brought to America as a slave; "On Being Brought from Africa to America" made her the second American woman to publish a volume of poetry

Phyllis Wheatly

15

Wrote "Webster's Dictionary"

Noah Webster

16

Known as "First Man of American Letters", "Dean of American Literature", "Inventor of the Short Story", first American writer to become famous around the world.
Wrote "Legend of Sleepy Hollow", "Rip Van Winkle", "The Devil and Tom Walker".

Washington Irving

17

Could be considered America's first novelist (writings highly romantic because of their frontier setting); known for "The Leather stocking Tales", "The Deer Slayer", "The Pathfinder", "The Last of the Mohicans"(all of which follow Natty Bumpo's adventures

James Fenimore Cooper

18

Known as "Father of American Poetry" and "America's First Great Poet of Nature"

William Cullen Bryant

19

Invented modern detective story and horror tale; known for short stories and poetry (which was extremely melodic and had an eerie quality)
Poems- "The Raven", "Annabel Lee", "To Helen"
Short Stories- "The Tell-Tale Heart", "Murders in the Rue Morge", "Masque of the Red Death", "The Fall of the House of Usher"

Edgar Allan Poe

20

Worked from his Puritan heritage, developed thems of sin and guilt; created "allegories of the heart" e.g "The Scarlet Letter" (best known novel) and "Young Goodman Brown" (short story)

Nathaniel Hawthorne

21

Ranked as one of America's top novelists; wrote the first great romances about the South Seas- "Moby Dick" (America's greatest prose epic), "Billy Budd", "Bartleby" (short stories)

Herman Melville

22

Wrote "Evangeline", "Song of Hiawatha", "Paul Revere's Ride"

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

23

Wrote "Snowbound" and "Ichabod Crane"

John Greenleaf Whittier

24

Wrote "The Courtin"

James Russell Lowell

25

Wrote "Old Ironsides", "The Last Leaf", "The Chambered Nautilus"

Oliver Wendell Holmes

26

Founder of transcendentalism; wrote "Concord Hymn" and "Self-Reliance"

Ralph Waldo Emerson

27

Most ardent follower of Emerson, came closest to following teachings of transcendentalism, his novels stressed his experiment in self-sufficient living. Wrote "Civil Disobedience" (essay)

Henry David Thoreau