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Flashcards in American Lit Outline (Pt 1) Deck (37):
0

When was the Colonial Period?

1607-1765

1

When was the Early National/Revolutionary Period?

1760-1830

2

When was the American Romantic Period?

1800-1865

3

What was the Divine Mission of the Pilgrims?

Establish a New World which would be like a city on a hill, a model for other countries and societies

4

What were struggles in the New World?

Struggles against the elements
Fight for survival
Dependence on the land

5

What types of freedom were provided under the New World government?

Religions, political, economic

6

What was nationalism the result of?

Feelings of identity and unity which eventually led to a distinctly American literature

7

What were the some of issues early American literature covered?

Historical, poltical, religious, and spiritual

8

What was key to early American literature?

Experience- New World provided a variety of experiences, these experiences helped develop an even wider variety of early American writers

9

Where were the majority of the Northern writers located?

New England

10

What were some of the hardships of the New World that Northern writers wrote about?

Threatening features of climate
Indian attack
Disease
Starvation

11

What were some of personal hardships of the New World that Northern writers wrote about?

Loss of life
Loss of personal possessions
Discouragements both individual and communal

12

What was a common purpose of Northern writing?

Religions and spiritual instruction

13

What were ways that the South varied from the North?

Unlike Puritan New England with its growing towns and cities
Fewer communities in the South
Southern writers were usually *not* radicals who sought to sever ties with Britain

14

What were characteristics of Southern literature?

Witty, urbane, largely imitative of British models

15

What were motivations of Southern literature?

Nature
Scientific observations
Self-satisfaction
Did not usually write for religious instruction

16

Many Southern writers were...

aristocrats or gentlemen planters

17

Who was William Byrd?

Southern writer who recorded scientific data and sent it back to the Royal Academy of Science in England

18

What were many early works and writings?

Diaries
Journals
Histories

19

What were the subjects of Captain John Smith's writings?

Indian adventures
Explorations
Captain John Smith and Pocahontas

20

What was the first book in American literature?

A True Relation of Virginia by Captain John Smith

21

Who is called the "Father of American history"?

William Bradford

22

What book provides an eye witness account of the pilgrim's journey to the New World?

Of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford

23

Who were 3 early famous poets?

Anne Bradstreet, Michael Wigglesworth, & Edward Taylor (all of whom were Puritans)

24

Who was the first published poet in America?

Anne Bradstreet; first colonist to write a sizable body of verse
Verses Upon the Burning of Our House, "The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung up in America"

25

Who wrote the first bestseller in America?

Michael Wigglesworth- "Day of Doom"

26

Name 2 of Edward Taylor's poems.

"Meditation One", "Huswifery"

27

Who wrote "An Ecclesiastical History of New England"?

Cotton Mather

28

Who was Jonathan Edwards?

Preacher who led Great Awakening, preached "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"

29

What were the main themes of Jonathan Edward's writings?

Religious knowledge must be in the heart, not just in the head, & distinguishing true religious experience from false

30

What is the Great Awakening?

First major American revival

31

What religious denomination's influence dominated early American literature?

Puritanism

32

What are characteristics of Puritan literature?

Instructional and inspirational
Wrote to improve religious life
Providence of God an important theme
Personal journals, diaries, poetry were common
Writings elevated simplicity of life, hard work ethic, personal discpline, reverence and ultimate accountablity to God

33

What is the Providence of God?

Dvine guidance or care, God conceived as the power sustaining and guiding human destiny

34

What was the first book published in America?

Bay Psalm Book

35

What are the 5 major characteristics of Puritan plain style writing?

1) Clarity of meaning
2) Simplicity of word choice and organization
3) No ornate, flowery, figurative language or allusions such as those used by English authors
4) Natural- often used "homespun" descriptions of everyday life
5) Derived attention to message and not the writer

36

What author was influenced by Puritan plain style?

Ernest Hemingway