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Flashcards in Washington Irving Notes Deck (33):
0

Irving became the first American writer to achieve...

an international literary reputation

1

What have his fictional creations become?

American icons (as American as McD's!)

2

Which character of Washington Irving's became America's first antihero?

Rip van Winkle (made success from failure)

3

Define antihero.

The protagonist of a play, short story, or novel who has the converse of most of the traditional attributes of a hero

4

What are two names Washington Irving is known as?

Father of American Literature and First Man of American Letters

5

Washington Irving had as many ___________ as famous books.

Pseudonyms

6

How old was Irving before his real name started appearing on his works?

50

7

What were some of Irving's pen names?

Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent; Diedrich Knickerbocker; Geoffrey Crayonm An American Gentlemen

8

Where was Washington Irving born?

New York City

9

How many siblings did Irving had?

Last of 11 children

10

What was Irving trained to be (for a job)?

a lawyer

11

Who was his fiance?

Matilda Hoffman, she died in 1809 and he never married after this

12

What does Irving's fiancé's death account for?

The melancholic cast over much of Irving's work after that point

13

When did Irving begin his literary career?

In 1818 after his family's mercantile business went bankrupt

14

Where did Irving find stimulation for his imagination?

On tours abroad (through England, France, Switzerland, Germany, and Spain)

15

When did Irving return to the US after his tour abroad?

1832; he brought with him a medal from the English Royal Society of Literature, an honorary degree from Oxford, and a reputation well established here and abroad

16

What did Irving do in the final phase of his life?

1) Continued to travel in the US
2) Encouraged other writers

17

What elected office was he nominated for?

Mayor of NYC (he declined the honor)

18

Where/when was his death?

Tarrytown, NY. 1859.

19

What was his first great literary triumph?

A History of New York, by Diedrich Knickerbocker (old eccentric historian)

20

What did A History of New York contain?

Wickedly funny spoofs (satires) of various well known figures, including Pres. Thomas Jefferson

21

What school of fiction can be attributed to Irving?

Local Color school of fiction

22

What other writers did Irving inspire by his example?

Longfellow, Dickens, Twain, Sir Walter Scott

23

What was the goal of Irving's writing?

Entertainment (not religious or moral)

24

Irving's writings were viewed as _____________, marking a clear break in American literature.

transitional

25

What two things did Irving combine to make the short story?

He combined the narrative tale and the essay of character

26

Irving adapted material from __________ tales and added distinctly American settings/

German tales; eg Rip van Winkle was based on the story of Peter Klaus

27

What were Irving's famous short stories?

"Rip van Winkle", "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow", "The Devil and Tom Walker"

28

What was the pivotal work in Irving's career and made him the "First Man of American Letters"?

The Sketch Book

29

Who supposedly wrote The Sketch Book?

Geoffrey Crayon (name suggests Irving's interest in landscape painting)

30

Which work of Irving's contains two essays on Indians?

The Sketch Book

31

Irving was the first writer to achieve international ________.

fame

32

What people did Irving publish biographies of?

Colombus, Oliver Goldsmith (1840), George Washington (1865-59)