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Flashcards in American West Deck (82)
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When was the homestead act passed?

1862

1

What is the homestead act?

An act to encourage people to settle in the west by giving each family 160 acres of land for free if they farmed on it for 5 years.

2

When was the timber culture act passed?

1873

3

What was the timber culture act?

Act allowing families to gain a further 160 acres of land for free provided they planted 40 acres with trees.

4

When was the desert land act passed?

1877

5

What was the desert land act?

An act giving settlers the right to buy 640 acres of land cheaply in areas where lack of rainfall was a particular problem.

6

What was the effect of the homestead act, timber culture act and desert land act?

It made millions of acres of land available for homesteaders to settle

7

When was the end of the American civil war?

1865

8

Why did the civil war ending lead to people settling on the plains?

Demobilised soldiers were looking for a new life and jobs so settled in the plains becoming farmers for example

9

When was the end of slavery?

1865

10

How did the end of slavery lead to people moving onto the plains?

Freed black people could now live where they wanted to. Many decided to become farmers on the plains.

11

When was the railway which connected the east of America with the west finished?

1869

12

What part did the railway play in making people settle on the plains?

It made it easier for homesteaders to get to the plains and settle there.

13

Who invented the windmill?

Daniel Halliday

14

When was the windmill invented

1874

15

Who invented barbed wire?

Joseph Glidden

16

When was barbed wire invented?

1874

17

Who invented the sod buster?

John Deere

18

Who introduced the hard winter wheat: Turkey red hard?

Russian immigrants

19

What is dry farming?

Ploughing wet land which left a layer of dust that trapped in moisture

20

When was the ghost dance movement?

1890

21

Describe the ghost dance movement

1890
Wovoka began dance on the reservations believing it would protect them and lead to the defeat of the whites
Sitting bull was supporting the dance and got killed when the whites tried to arrest him
Whites worried about the dance so banned it on the reservations

22

When was the battle of Little Bighorn?

June 1876

23

Q 2b

Why was source f published in......?

This source shows
This source was published in..... Which is important because...
The purpose of this source is to...
This source is important because..... ( what was the effect of the source)

24

When was gold first found in the west?

1848

25

When and who said Americans are destined to spread over the continent taking their culture and Christianity?

John o'sullivan - manifest destiny
1845

26

When was the Johnson county war?

1889

27

How many people did billy the kid kill?

21

28

By 1890 how many buffalo were left

300

30 million to 300 by 1890

29

Who killed sitting bull and when?

A member of the best median police
1890