Flashcards in Anaheim Campus2 Deck (50)
1 careful to buy only what is necessary OPP extravagant:
As children we were taught to be ? and hard-working.
He led a remarkably ? existence.
2 a ? meal is a small meal of plain food SYN simple OPP extravagant :
a ? breakfast
frugal / fruɡ ə l / adjective
— frugally adverb
— frugality / fruɡæləti, fruɡælɪti / noun [ uncountable ]
ضد و نقیض، کاملا برعکس
formal the complete opposite of something
This is not democratic. It is the ? of democracy.
antithesis / æntɪθəsəs, æntɪθɪsəs / noun ( plural antitheses / -siz / ) [ countable ]
1 making someone suffer or feel unhappy :
Sometimes life seems unbearably ?.
2 deliberately hurting people or animals OPP kind :
The prisoner was a hard ? man.
? jokes about mothers-in-law
cruel / kruəl / adjective
to do something that is morally wrong or illegal → commit :
Who could have ?d such a dreadful crime?
perpetrate / pɜrpətreɪt/
a clever trick used to deceive someone :
Agnes tried to think of a ? to get Paul out of the house.
ruse / rus, ruz / noun [ countable ]
showing a lot of skill :
a great performance from a ? actor
He won the race with ? ease (= very easily).
De Gaulle conducted his strategy with ? skill .
consummate / kɑnsəmət / adjective [ only before noun] formal
belonging or relating to the countries that fought with Britain, the US etc in the First or Second World War :
an ? bombing raid (حمله ناگهانی)
2 (be) ? to/with something formal to be related to something or to be very similar :
Anthropology is closely ? to the field of psychology.
allied / ælaɪd, əlaɪd / adjective usually Allied [ only before noun ]
1 an ? plan, idea, or object works well and is the result of clever thinking and new ideas :
Many fish have ? ways of protecting their eggs from predators.
an ? device
2 someone who is ? is very good at inventing things or at thinking of new ideas
— ?ly adverb
ingenious / ɪndʒiniəs / adjective
formal a secret trick or slightly dishonest way of doing something, or the use of this
Sereni was lured to Moscow by ?.
subterfuge / sʌbtərfjudʒ / noun [ uncountable and countable ]
1 to invent a clever story, excuse, or plan, especially in order to deceive someone :
John ?ed an elaborate excuse for being late.
concoct / kənkɑ:kt / verb [ transitive ]
Not true, containing or based on false ideas :
Such an argument is misleading, if not wholly ?.
— ?ly adverb
fallacious / fəleɪʃəs / adjective formal
[ countable ] a false idea or belief, especially one that a lot of people believe is true SYN misconception :
It’s a common ? that a neutered (اخته) dog will become fat and lazy.
fallacy / fæləsi / noun ( plural fallacies )
a very slight, hardly noticeable difference in manner, color, meaning etc → subtlety :
He was aware of every ? in her voice.
the painting’s delicate ?s of color, tone, and texture
— ?d adjective :
a skilful and ?d performance
nuance / nu:ɑns / noun [ countable ]
to move quickly with short steps, especially because you are in a hurry :
People were ?ing off to work.
— ? noun [ singular ]
scurry / skɜri / verb ( past tense and past participle scurried , present participle scurrying , third person singular scurries ) [ intransitive always + adverb/preposition ]
? ideas, plans, attitudes etc are only just starting to develop
inchoate / ɪnkoʊət / adjective formal
? behaviour shows that you care about and will help other people, even though this brings no advantage for yourself OPP selfish :
Were his motives entirely ??
— ?ally / -kli / adverb
altruistic / æltruɪstɪk◂ / adjective
1 a number of things that have been hidden, especially weapons, or the place where they have been hidden
a ? of explosives
a large arms ?
cache / kæʃ / noun [ countable ]
a small group of people who enjoy doing the same things together, and do not like including others → clique
coterie / koʊtəri / noun [ countable ] formal
to make someone responsible for doing something important, or for taking care of someone
? something/somebody to somebody
She ?ed her son’s education to a private tutor.
be ?ed with something/somebody
I was ?ed with the task of looking after the money.
entrust / ɪntrʌst / verb [ transitive ]
1 to make something more beautiful by adding decorations to it SYN decorate, adorn
? something with something
The dress was ?ed with gold threads.
2 to make a story or statement more interesting by adding details that are not true SYN embroider :
She gave an ?ed account of what had happened.
— ?ment noun [ uncountable and countable ]
embellish / ɪmbelɪʃ / verb [ transitive ]
the ? of some businessmen
cupidity / kjʊpɪdəti, kjʊpɪdɪti / noun [ uncountable ] formal
extremely angry, especially because you think you have been treated unfairly SYN furious :
an ? customer
irate / aɪreɪt◂ / adjective
happening by chance, especially in a way that has a good result :
The meeting with Jack was ?.
— ?ly adverb
fortuitous / fɔ:rtu:ɪtəs / adjective formal
? behaviour is very bad and deserves criticism :
I find their behaviour morally ?.
reprehensible / reprɪhensɪb ə l / adjective formal
showing the main parts of something in a simple way :
a ? diagram of DNA
schematic AC / skɪmætɪk / adjective
a long and complicated series of events, or a description of this :
The whole ? began back in May.
She launched into the ? of her on-off engagement.
saga / sɑɡə / noun [ countable ]
a very high degree of skill in performing
Although the ? of workers are remarkable, the queen bee is really the main story.
virtuosity / vɜrtʃuɑ:sɪti / noun [ uncountable ] formal
a person, group, or organization that you compete with in sport, business, a fight etc SYN competitor :
This gives the company a competitive advantage over its ?s.
his chief ? for the job
He finished 39 seconds ahead of his main ?.
rival / raɪv ə l / noun [ countable ]
when someone says or does something in a way that shows a lack of respect for other people and is likely to offend them → audacity :
He actually had the ? to tell her to lose weight.
temerity / tɪmerəti / noun [ uncountable ] formal