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Flashcards in Anaheim Campus2 Deck (50)
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1

صرفه جو
1 careful to buy only what is necessary OPP extravagant:
As children we were taught to be ? and hard-working.
He led a remarkably ? existence.
2 a ? meal is a small meal of plain food SYN simple OPP extravagant :
a ? breakfast

frugal / fruɡ ə l / adjective
— frugally adverb
— frugality / fruɡæləti, fruɡælɪti / noun [ uncountable ]

2

ضد و نقیض، کاملا برعکس
formal the complete opposite of something
? of
This is not democratic. It is the ? of democracy.

antithesis / æntɪθəsəs, æntɪθɪsəs / noun ( plural antitheses / -siz / ) [ countable ]

3

بی رحم
1 making someone suffer or feel unhappy :
Sometimes life seems unbearably ?.
2 deliberately hurting people or animals OPP kind :
The prisoner was a hard ? man.
? jokes about mothers-in-law

cruel / kruəl / adjective

4

to do something that is morally wrong or illegal → commit :
Who could have ?d such a dreadful crime?

perpetrate / pɜrpətreɪt/
perpetration n.

5

a clever trick used to deceive someone :
Agnes tried to think of a ? to get Paul out of the house.

ruse / rus, ruz / noun [ countable ]

6

showing a lot of skill :
a great performance from a ? actor
He won the race with ? ease (= very easily).
De Gaulle conducted his strategy with ? skill .

consummate / kɑnsəmət / adjective [ only before noun] formal

7

belonging or relating to the countries that fought with Britain, the US etc in the First or Second World War :
an ? bombing raid (حمله ناگهانی)
? forces
2 (be) ? to/with something formal to be related to something or to be very similar :
Anthropology is closely ? to the field of psychology.

allied / ælaɪd, əlaɪd / adjective usually Allied [ only before noun ]

8

Very smart
1 an ? plan, idea, or object works well and is the result of clever thinking and new ideas :
Many fish have ? ways of protecting their eggs from predators.
an ? device
2 someone who is ? is very good at inventing things or at thinking of new ideas
— ?ly adverb

ingenious / ɪndʒiniəs / adjective

9

Deception
formal a secret trick or slightly dishonest way of doing something, or the use of this
by ?
Sereni was lured to Moscow by ?.

subterfuge / sʌbtərfjudʒ / noun [ uncountable and countable ]

10

1 to invent a clever story, excuse, or plan, especially in order to deceive someone :
John ?ed an elaborate excuse for being late.

concoct / kənkɑ:kt / verb [ transitive ]

11

Not true, containing or based on false ideas :
Such an argument is misleading, if not wholly ?.
— ?ly adverb

fallacious / fəleɪʃəs / adjective formal

12

[ countable ] a false idea or belief, especially one that a lot of people believe is true SYN misconception :
It’s a common ? that a neutered (اخته) dog will become fat and lazy.

fallacy / fæləsi / noun ( plural fallacies )

13

a very slight, hardly noticeable difference in manner, color, meaning etc → subtlety :
He was aware of every ? in her voice.
? of
the painting’s delicate ?s of color, tone, and texture
— ?d adjective :
a skilful and ?d performance

nuance / nu:ɑns / noun [ countable ]

14

to move quickly with short steps, especially because you are in a hurry :
People were ?ing off to work.
— ? noun [ singular ]

scurry / skɜri / verb ( past tense and past participle scurried , present participle scurrying , third person singular scurries ) [ intransitive always + adverb/preposition ]

15

? ideas, plans, attitudes etc are only just starting to develop

inchoate / ɪnkoʊət / adjective formal

16

? behaviour shows that you care about and will help other people, even though this brings no advantage for yourself OPP selfish :
Were his motives entirely ??
— ?ally / -kli / adverb

altruistic / æltruɪstɪk◂ / adjective

17

1 a number of things that have been hidden, especially weapons, or the place where they have been hidden
? of
a ? of explosives
a large arms ?

cache / kæʃ / noun [ countable ]

18

a small group of people who enjoy doing the same things together, and do not like including others → clique

coterie / koʊtəri / noun [ countable ] formal

19

to make someone responsible for doing something important, or for taking care of someone
? something/somebody to somebody
She ?ed her son’s education to a private tutor.
be ?ed with something/somebody
I was ?ed with the task of looking after the money.

entrust / ɪntrʌst / verb [ transitive ]

20

1 to make something more beautiful by adding decorations to it SYN decorate, adorn
? something with something
The dress was ?ed with gold threads.
2 to make a story or statement more interesting by adding details that are not true SYN embroider :
She gave an ?ed account of what had happened.
— ?ment noun [ uncountable and countable ]

embellish / ɪmbelɪʃ / verb [ transitive ]

21

greed :
the ? of some businessmen

cupidity / kjʊpɪdəti, kjʊpɪdɪti / noun [ uncountable ] formal

22

extremely angry, especially because you think you have been treated unfairly SYN furious :
an ? customer

irate / aɪreɪt◂ / adjective

23

happening by chance, especially in a way that has a good result :
The meeting with Jack was ?.
— ?ly adverb

fortuitous / fɔ:rtu:ɪtəs / adjective formal

24

? behaviour is very bad and deserves criticism :
I find their behaviour morally ?.

reprehensible / reprɪhensɪb ə l / adjective formal

25

showing the main parts of something in a simple way :
a ? diagram of DNA

schematic AC / skɪmætɪk / adjective

26

a long and complicated series of events, or a description of this :
The whole ? began back in May.
? of
She launched into the ? of her on-off engagement.

saga / sɑɡə / noun [ countable ]

27

a very high degree of skill in performing
Although the ? of workers are remarkable, the queen bee is really the main story.

virtuosity / vɜrtʃuɑ:sɪti / noun [ uncountable ] formal

28

a person, group, or organization that you compete with in sport, business, a fight etc SYN competitor :
This gives the company a competitive advantage over its ?s.
? for
his chief ? for the job
He finished 39 seconds ahead of his main ?.

rival / raɪv ə l / noun [ countable ]

29

when someone says or does something in a way that shows a lack of respect for other people and is likely to offend them → audacity :
He actually had the ? to tell her to lose weight.

temerity / tɪmerəti / noun [ uncountable ] formal

30

showing or concerning sexual love :
She resisted his ? advances .
He was always boasting about his ? adventures
— ?ly adverb

amorous / æmərəs / adjective formal