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Flashcards in anatomy Deck (36)
1

fluid tends to collect in?

pouch of douglas (rectouterine pouch) - this is the most inferior part of the peritoneum)

2

which ligament maintains uterus in midline position, contains uterine tubes and round ligament?

broad ligament

3

the round ligament is proximally contained within the broad ligament

y

4

describe uterus position in most women?

anteverted and anteflexed

5

what does anteverted mean?

tipped anteriorly relaive to the vagina

6

antiflexed?

tipped anteriorly relative to the axis of the cervix

7

another name for the transformation zone

squamocolmnar junction

8

how could infection spread between the uterine tunes and peritoneum?

the fimbrae are open

9

therefore PID can cause peritonitis

in theory an ectopic pregnancy can develop in the peritoneal cavity

10

ovaries - where do they develop?

posterior abdominal wall

11

what is the fornix?

space around the vagina?

12

s3,4,5 keep pelvic contents in the hive

bartholins gland on each side of the vagina

13

perineal body?

bundle of collagenous and elastc tissue to which the peroneal muscles attach

14

what ribs do the breasts lie over?

2-6

15

3 layers of muscle on the abdomen?

external oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominos

16

what is the linea alba?

midline blending of aponeurosis

17

attaches between lower ribs, iliac crest, pubic tubercle and linea alba?

external oblique

18

what direction do the internal oblique fibres run?

middle upper to lower outer.

19

hands in pockets fibres>=?

external obliques

20

rectus abdominis muscle split into 6/8 by?

tendinous intersections

21

rectus sheath?

combined aponeurosis of all wall msuscles, surrounds rectus abdominus muscles, strong fibrous layer

22

7th-11th intercostal nerves become?

thoracoabdominal nerves

23

t12?

subcostal

24

L1/

iliohypogastric

25

ilioinguinal ?

L1

26

TSii

TSii

27

blood supply to the anterolateral abdominal wall?

superior and inferior epigastric

28

continuation of?

internal thoracic

29

ceasarian section - layers to open?

skin and fascia, rectus sheath, rectus abdominis (separate laterally), fascia and peritoneum, retract bladder, uterine wall, amniotic sac

30

layers to stitch closed?

uterine wall and visceral peritoneum, rectus sheath, skin

31

layers to open on a laparotomy

skin and fascia, linea alba, peritoneum

32

in a laparoscopy, a sub umbilical incision may be all that is required. care should be taken to avoid which artery?

inferior epigastric

33

where does the inferior epigastric pass?

posterior to the rectus abdominis

34

inferior epigastric is branch of the ?

externa iliac

35

layers go through for spinal anaesthetic>

SILEDA supraspinous, inrterspinous, ligamentum flavum, epidural space, dura, aracnoid (subaracnoid space)

36

layers go through fr epidural?

SILE supraspinous ligament, interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum, epidural space