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Flashcards in Anatomy Deck (30)
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1

Lateral crural muscles
Action?
Nerve?

Peroneus brevis, peroneus longus

PF and evert foot
Superficial peroneal nerve

2

Posterior crural muscle
Action
Nerve

Deep group:
popliteus-
flexor hallucis longus-flexes hallucis joint, inversion, PF
flexor digitorum longus-foot inversion and toe flexing
tibialis posterior-PF, inversion, arch support
Superficial group: tricep surae
plantaris- PF and flexes knee( very small)
soleus-PF
gastrocnemius-knee flexion, PF

Tibial nerve

3

Anterior crural muscles
Action
Nerve

Peroneus tertius- DF, evert
Tibialis anterior-DF, inversion
Extensor digitorum longus- extends digits 2-5, DF
Extensor hallucis longus- Extends hallux, DF

Deep peroneal nerve

4

Ligament that prevents anterior hip dislocation

Iliofemoral

5

What two muscles make up iliopsoas?

Psoas major, iliacus

6

A fx of the upper third of the shaft of the femur the proximal fragment will be flexed by the pull of the?

Iliopsoas

7

Hip adductors
Nerve

Gracilis, adductor brevis, adductor longus, adductor Magnus, pectineus

Obturator nerve

8

Hip abductors
Nerve

Sartorius-femoral nerve (sec)
Gluteus minimus- superior gluteal never (prim)
Gluteus medius- " (prim)
Tensor fasciae latae- " (prim)
Piriformis- L5, S1, S2 (sec)

9

Internal hip rotators

Tensor fasciae latae, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, adductor magnus

10

External rotators hip

Primary
Gluteus maximus
Obturator internus
Quad. Femoris
Gemellus sup. And Inf.

Secondary:
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Obturator externus
Piriformis
Biceps femoris

11

The sustentaculum talk of the calcaneus is attached to the navicular bone by way of a ligament. This ligament supports the head of the talus at the talonavicular articulation and assists in resisting flattening of the medial longitudinal arch.

Spring ligament

12

The interosseous membrane of the leg is an example of

Syndesmosis joint

13

Which metatarsal shaft tends to be shorter than normal in Morton's syndrome?

1st

14

Sesamoid bone in carpal bones

Pisiform

15

Biceps is not a good flexor of the elbow when the forearm is

Pronated

16

Most superior part of the iliac crest corresponds to

L4

17

SC level: Diaphragm and shoulder elevators

C4

18

SC level: Shoulder flexors and abductors, elbow flexors

C5

19

SC level: wrist extensors

C6

20

SC level: elbow extensors

C7

21

SC level: finger flexors, extensors and intrinsics

C8

22

SC level: hip flexors

L1, L2

23

SC level: knee extensors

L3

24

SC level: ankle DF

L4

25

SC level: TOE EXTENSOR

L5

26

SC level: ankle PF, bowel and bladder

S1-s5

27

SC level: hip extension

L4,L5,S1,S2

28

SC level: Hamstrings, knee flexion

L4,L5,S1,S2

29

SC level: Hip abduction

L4, L5, S1

30

#Vertebrae, # disks

33- sacral 5 fused, coccyx-4 or 5 fused
, 23