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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (105)
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1

Medial upright of a KAFO For an adult should terminate proximally:

3.8cm (1.5 in) distal to perineum

2

You are laying out a tracing for a KAFO and genuine varus is evident. The mid-saggital line should extend from the perineum through a point:

3.2cm (1.25in) medial to the medial malleolus

3

The hip joint is most stable during stance when the weightl line is

Posterior to joint

4

The pelvic band on an HKAFO should be located

Midway b/w the iliac crest and the greater trochanter of the femur

5

A metal single axis (free motion) orthotic hep joint will control all the following motions at the hip except:

Extension:
Will control abduction, adduction, in and ex rotation

6

An infant with bilateral dislocated hips is usually fitted with an ox that will hold hips in:

Flexion and abduction

7

The major flexor muscle of the hip is

Iliopsoas

8

What anatomical structure prevents excessive hip hyperextension

Iliofemoral ligament- strongest in body

9

Promote healing in a case of leg-perthes' disease, an ox should hold the hip joint in:

Internal rotation and abduction

10

KAFO's are seldom prescribed for paraplegic patents with leasions above:

L2

11

A soft cervical collar is most effective in

Minimizing forward flexion

12

Which of the following muscles remain functional in a quadriplegic patient with a complete lesion below the c6 root

Extensor Capri radialis brevis

13

The superior articulating surfaces of the atlas articulate with the:

Occipital condyles

14

The orthotic treatment indicated for a fracture of T3 is:

CTO (SOMI)

15

Which of the following offers the greatest immobilization for a fx of the odontoid

4 post w/ body jacket
SOMI with head band
*Halo-jacket
Milwaukee CTLSO

16

WHEN casting for the Milwaukee CTLSO, the patients pelvis should be in what position?

Flexed

17

The theory of the CTLSO with throat mold and occipital pads (Milwaukee brace) with treating scoliosis is that the lateral pressure must be coupled with:

Active distraction

18

Which of the following is a conditions is a Milwaukee CTLSO not recommended:

Curves greater than 60 degrees

19

Measurements for a TLSO ( anterior hyperextension) should be taken with the patient in what position

Lying supine

20

Spondylitis

Inflammation of vertebrae...?

21

Spondylolisthesis

Anterior displacement of one vertebra on the next inferior vertebra

22

Spondylosis

Degenerative OA

23

SPONDYLOLYSIS

Breakage

24

Primary purpose of the axillary straps on a TLSO (Taylor ox) is to resist:

Should girdle and thoracic motion

25

Avg. adult, the knee joint in a KAFO should be located

3/4" proximal to medial tibial plateau

26

A patient wears a metal KAFO demonstrates excessive knee flexion when standing. To correct this problem, the othotist should deepen the:

Calf band

27

When reducing a knee flexion contracture with an ox, the major problem is watch for

Posterior subluxation of the tibia on the femur

28

The ox. Of choice for a patient with good hip control but fair minus quads is

SCO, GRAFO

29

Which nerve innervates the sartorius muscle of thigh

Femoral

30

The obituary or innervates what muscle

Adductor longus