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Flashcards in Last Minute! Deck (15)
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1

Normal range of thoracic kyphosis

20-40°

2

Scheuermann's kyphosis

>45° and 5° or more of anterior wedging at three or more sequential vertebrae
Thoracic Apex at T7 to T9
Thoracolumbar T10 and T12

3

Scheuermann's kyphosis: when to treat

<60° observe/exercise
60-80° curve and skeletally immature, risser sign 3 or less and as long as a Popeyes's are still immature.
USE milwaukee CTLSO until mature-23hr/day

4

LSO posterior coronal control

Williams flexion ox
Spondylolisthesis grade I and II (25% and 50% slippage)
<50% slip angle
stops extension allows flexion with dynamic articulating bar
3pt pressure

5

TLSO sagittal
Sagittal/coronal

Taylor
Knight Taylor
Compression fx
Post op
Arthritis
Controls up to T4

6

TLSO anterior control

Jewett/ cash
Thoracolumbar compression fx T10-L2
Beware of shear

7

Shoulder ring in Milwaukee is used for

Cervicothoracic spine used to load high curves- these curves loaded minimally becaseue contralateral side of neck ring contacted the patient

8

TLSO for scoliosis indicated for what level of curve apex

T8 ( including boston)

9

BrownSequard syndrome

One side paralysis
Associated with unilateral facet joint dislocations (usually stable)

10

Bilateral facet dislocations

Flexion with some rotation
Facet capsules, posterior ligament and intervertebral disc are disrupted

Common levels of injury C5-6 (greatest motion except for c1-C2

11

Denis type I

Compression fx anterior column

12

Denis type II

Burst fx anterior and middle column

13

Denis III

Seatbelt injury posterior and middle injured followed by distraction, through bone, soft tissue or both

14

Denis IV

Fracture dislocations translation flexion rotation with shear

15

SOMI

Stabilize flexion injuries C1-C5
Not controlling extension