Anatomy (abdominal viscera and thorax) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy (abdominal viscera and thorax) Deck (44):
1

What is the peritoneum

Membrane coming from the mesoderm which lines the abdominalpelvic cavity

2

Partietal peritoneum

Lines the internal surface of the abdominopelvic cavity

3

What type of innervation does the parietal peritoneum receive

Somatic

4

Visceral peritoneum

Invests around the organs

5

What type of innervation does the viscera receive

Autonomic

6

Peritoneal cavity

Space between the parietal and viscera

7

Mesentaries

Double layered peritoneum which runs in between organs

8

What structures have mesenteries

Mostly the Small intestine
Also the colon(mesocolon)
And the appendix (mesoapendx)

9

Omentum

Double layered peritoneal fold that goes over the stomach

10

Lesser omentum

Double layered peritoneum that connects the liver to the duodenum

11

What makes up the portal triad

Hepatic artery, bile duct, hepatic portal vein

12

What are the regions of the stomach

Cardiac
Funds (bottom of sac)
Body
Pyloris (gas maker)

13

What are the 2 largest glands in the body

1) Skin
2) Liver

14

Falciform ligament

Double layered peritoneal fold over the liver dividing the right and left lobes

15

What did the round ligament used to be

The umbilical vein

16

What does the gallbladder do

Concentrates and excretes bile

17

What is the Cystic duct

Connects the gallbladder to the hepatic duct

18

Where is the spleen located

The retroperitoneal space in the upper left quadrant

19

What is the function of the spleen

Removing old red blood cells and platelets

20

What are the 4 divisions of the duodenum

Superior
Descending
Horizontal
Ascending

21

What does the pancreas do

Has endocrine (insulin Glucagon)
And exorcise functions (digestive enzymes)

22

Where is the pancreas

Retroperitoneal, posterior to the stomach. Lies on the abdominal aorta on the level of S2

23

Regions of the Large intestine

Ceccum
Appendix
Ascending colon
Hepatic Flexure
Transverse colon
Splendid Flexure
Descending Colon
Sigmoid colon
Rectum

24

What level is the rectosigmoid junction at

S3 vertebrae

25

Where are the kidneys located

Retroperoneal against the posterior abdominal wall

26

What is the kidneys function

Carry urine to the bladder using the ureters

27

What makes up the pelvic cavity

The pelvic girdle

28

What is the pelvic diaphragm

The floor of the pelvis. @ muscles included are the coccygeus and Levator ani

29

What makes up the external surface of the pelvis

No external surface area
*Overlapped by abdominal cavity region anteriorly
Gluteal region posteriorly
Perineal region inferiorly

30

Which joints in the pelvis are Synovial joints

Anterior Sacroiliac but the mobility is very limited

31

What make up the posterior Sacroiliac ligaments

Continuations of the deep interosseus ligaments

32

What function do the posterior SI ligaments serve

Pull the Ilium inward when the body weight is placed on scrum

33

What are the functions of the pelvic floor

Supports the abdominopelvic viscera
Resists intaabdominal pressure
Relaxes to allow dedication and urination

34

What are the attachment points of the pubococcygeus

Posterior part of pubis
The coccyx via the anococcygeal ligament

35

What is the puborectalis

U-shaped muscular sling and loops around the anorectal junction.

36

What makes up the urogenital triangle

Ischiocavernosus muscle
Bulbosponiosus muscle
Superficial transverse peroneal muscle
*also the external genitalia

37

What makes up the anal triangle

The Perineal Body
Ischioanla fossa
Anal Canal
Internal and external anal sphincter

38

What is another name for pedundal canal

Alcock canal

39

Where is the peudendal canal located

On the lateral wall of the ischioanal fossa, just inferior to the ischial spine

40

What rib attaches to the sternomandibular joint

2nd rib

41

What is unique about the subtotal muscles

Travel across 2 coastal margins

42

What organs are in the pulmonary cavities

Lungs

43

What organs are in the middle mediastinum

Pericardial sac
Heart
Cardiac Nerve plexus
Roots of great vessels

44

What are the roots of great vessels

Ascending Aorta
Inferior Vena Cava
Superior Vena Cava
Pulmonary trunk