Flashcards in Anatomy Bones And Muscles. Deck (78):
What is the pelvic girdle?
The sacrum and two hip bones.
What is the bony pelvis?
The pelvic girdle and the coccyx.
What are the three bones that comprise the hip bone?
The ilium, ischium and the pubic bone.
Where does the inguinal ligament attach?
From the ASIS to the pubic tubercle.
What two pelvic ligaments should we know about?
The sacrotuberous ligament and the sacrospinous ligament.
What is the angle between the two pelvic bones called?
The subpubic angle.
What structures make the lesser and greater sciatic notches into foramen?
The presence of the sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligaments.
What part of the hip bone does the head of the femur sit in?
What is the name for the lower edges of the two pubic bones?
The pubic arch.
What is the hole in the pubic bones called?
The obturator foramen.
Where does the sacrotuberous ligament attach?
The tuberous its of the ischium to the lower margin of the sacrum and the upper coccyx.
Where does the sacrospinous ligament attach?
Thin triangular ligament attached from the ischial spine to the lateral margins of the sacrum and coccyx.
What structures make up the pelvic inlet?
Sacral promontory, ilium, superior pubic ramus and the pubic symphysis.
What structures make up the pubic outlet?
Pubic symphysis, ischiopubic ramus, ischial tuberosities, sacrotuberous ligament and coccyx.
What comprises the hindfoot?
The calcaneous and the talus.
What comprises the midfoot?
The cuboid, the navicular and 3 cuneiforms.
What comprises the forefoot?
The metatarsals and the phalanges.
What are the three cuneiforms called?
The medial, lateral and intermediate.
What joint joins the talus and the calcaneous?
The subtalar joint.
What makes up the true ankle joint?
The tibia, the fibula and the talus.
What bones comprise the transverse tarsal or midtarsal joint?
The calcaneous with the cuboid and the talus with the navicular.
What is different about the big toe from the rest of the toes?
It only has a proximal and distal phalynx, the rest have proximal, distal and middle.
What joints make up the knee?
The medial and lateral Femero-orbital and the patellofemoral articulation.
What ligament holds the Odontoid process in place?
The transverse ligament.
Describe the curves of the spine?
Cervical and lumbar have lordosis and thoracic and sacral/coccyx have kyphosis.
What joint joins the spine to the skull?
The atlanto-occipital joint.
What makes the facet joints?
The facets in the superior and inferior processes.
What makes up the vertebral arch?
Two pedicles, two lamina and the spinous process.
How does the rib articulate with the vertebra?
The costal facet on the vertebral body articulates with the head of the rib and the costal facets on the transverse processes articulate with the tubercle of the rib.
What special features do cervical vertebrae have?
What movement can the cervical spine make?
Flexion, extension, lateral flexion and rotation.
What movement can the thoracic spine make?
Flexion, lateral flexion and rotation.
What movement can the lumbar spine make?
Flexion, extension and lateral flexion.
What is the thoracic (rib) cage comprised of?
12 pairs of ribs and their costal cartilages, 12 thoracic vertebrae and their intervertebral discs, the sternum, the scapulae and the clavicles.
What special grooves does rib one have?
For the subclavian arteries and veins.
What does the sternal angle articulate with?
The costal cartilage of the second rib.
What two ends does the clavicle have?
The acromial (lateral) end and the sternal (medial) end.
Where does the head of the humerus sit in the shoulder?
The glenoid fossa.
What comprises the pectoral girdle?
2 scapulae, 2 clavicles and the manubrium of the sternum.
What two necks does the humerus have?
The anatomical and surgical neck.
Where does the radial nerve sit in relation to the humerus?
In the radial groove.
What are the wrist bones called?
What are the two ends of the metacarpals?
The base which is beside the carpals and the head which is beside the phalanges.
What is different about the thumb from the rest of the fingers?
It has a proximal and distal phalanx only whereas the fingers have proximal, middle and distal.
What are the wrist bones called.
Scaphoid (thumb side), lunate, triquetrum, pisiform, trapezium, trapezoid, capitate and hamate.
Which bone has a hook?
The hamate bone.
What is the head comprised of?
The brain, it's protective coverings, the ears and the face.
What is the skull?
The neurocranium (cranial vault) and the viscerocranium (the facial bones).
What is the neurocranium?
The skull cap (calvaria) and the base of the skull (cranial base).
What is the cranial cavity?
The space inside the skull.
What is the floor of the cranial cavity?
The internal aspect of the base of the skull.
What are the orbital plates?
Form the roof of the orbits and the floor of the anterior cranial fossa.
Where is the frontal sinus?
Situated inside the skull behind the brow ridges.
What are concha also called?
What together with the vomer, forms the bony part of the septum?
The perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone.
What is the pituitary fossa otherwise called?
The hypophyseal fossa.
Where is the sphenoid sinus?
Within the body of the sphenoid bone.
What is the pterion?
The region where all the skeletal bones (f,s,p,t) join. It is the thinnest part of the cranium. Internally it has the groove for the Middle meningeal artery.
What lines run along the parietal bones?
The inferior and superior temporal lines. They are for attachment of the temporal is muscle.
Where is the jugular foramen?
Between the occipital and temporal bones. Is for the internal jugular vein.
What are the grooves on the inside of the occipital bones for?
For dural venous sinuses.
What forms the zygomatic arch?
The zygomatic process of the temporal bone and the temporal process of the zygomatic bone plus the articulate tubercle.
What are the grooves on the inside of the temporal bones for?
For middle meningeal arteries.
Where is the carotid canal?
Inside the temporal bone. It is for the internal carotid artery and has external and internal openings.
What two parts make up the temporal bone?
The squamous and the petrous parts.
Where are the sockets for the teeth?
In the alveolar process.
Where is the mandibular foramen?
On the side of the mandible, can only be see in the inside.
What is another name for the mental process?
The mental protuberance.
What is the mandibular canal?
Internal connection between the mental and mandibular foraminae on the mandible.
Where does the infraorbital canal run?
From the bottom of the inside of the eyes to the infraorbital foramen.
What is the clinical name for the maxillary sinus?
What does the palatine process form?
The anterior part of the hard palate e.g. The roof of the mouth.
Where does the nasal bone articulate with the frontal bone?
The fronto-nasal suture.
Where does the nasal bone articulate with the maxilla?
The naso-maxillary suture.
What are the palatine bones?
The posterior part of the hard palate.
Where are the turbinate bones?
In the nose, they articulate with the maxillae in the lateral walls of the nasal cavities.
What are the three parts of the auditory ossicles?
The stapes, the incus and the malleus.