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Flashcards in anatomy leccture 1 Deck (29)
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1

what are the 3 planes of movement?

sagittal
frontal
transverse

2

what is sagittal?

from the side

3

what is frontal?

from the front

4

what is transverse?

rotation

5

in the sagittal there are 2 types of movement?

flexion
extension

6

in the frontal plane there are 3 types of movement?

abduction
adduction
side bending

7

in the transcerse plane there is which type of movement?

rotation

8

what is flexion?

towards you

9

flexion in the shoulders is different why?

raising arms above you is flexion

10

what is plantar flexion?

pointing toes

11

what is dorsi flexion?

flattening feet

12

what is extension?

moving away from you

13

what is abduction?

taking away

14

what is adduction?

moving across / towards body

15

lateral is also known as?

external

16

medial is also known as

internal

17

what are the 3 functions of the musculo skeletal system?

support
movement
stability

18

the musculo skeletal system consists of what 2 things?

muscle
connective tissue

19

what are the 5 functions of the skeletal system?

support
movement
protection
produce blood cells
storage minerals

20

what are the 5 types of bone?

Long
• Short
• Flat
• Irregular
• Sesamoid

21

broadly what are the 3 different joints? and within one of them there are 5 other joint types?

♦ Fixed / Ligamentous
♦ Sightly moveable / Cartilaginous
♦ Freely moveable / Synovial
• Ball and Socket
• Hinge
• Pivot
• Gliding
• Saddle

22

what is the structure of the synovial joint? (4)

• Joint Capsule –surrounds the joint
• Synovial Membrane –produces synovial fluid
• Synovial Fluid –lubrication for joint
• Hyaline Cartilage – smooth surface for movement

23

what are ligamenats?

attach bone to bone

24

what are tendons?

attach muscle to bone

25

4 componenets of the muscular system?

muscle
fascia
tendon
ligament

26

what is connective tissue?

a fibrous system which permeates and connects the whole body

27

what is the role of fascia?

organ of form

28

what are the 3 types of cartilaige?

fibrocartilage -- absorbs shock
hyaline cartilage -- smooth surface
elastic cartilage -- sprnigy but firm

29

what is a joint?

the place where 2 bones meet