Flashcards in lecture 2 syllabus Deck (13)
what are the 4 joints of the shoulder girdle?
• Clavicle and sternum = sternoclavicular joint
• Cavicle and scapula = acromioclavicular joint
• Scapula and humerus = glenohumeral joint
• Scapula and thorax = Scapulothoracic “joint”
what is protraction? shoulder e.g.
what is retraction? shoulder e.g.
abduction - slumping
adduction - shoulder blades together
where are the serratus anterior?
what are the four muscles of the rotator cuff?
factors that inhibit flexibility in gomukhasana (cow face pose)
internal rotation of the shoulder muscles which include - pectorlais major, lats, anterior deltoid, subscapularis and teres major
factors that inhibit flexibility in urdvha danurasana?
if not flipping grip: external rotation and extension
if flipping grip:external rotation and flexion
infraspinatus, posterior deltoid, teres minor
revolved side angle with bind what inhibits the pose?
to stabilise humeral head - rotator cuff
to internally rotate shoulder and prevent protraction - subscapularis, anterior deltoid
to extend arm back - teres major, posterior deltoid, latissimus dorsi
to extend shoulder and elbow - tricepps brachii
tennis elbow explain
repetitive strain injury of the lateral epidondylitis or medial condylitis if golfers elbow.
Symptoms - pain
yoga - avoid weight bearing on while painful
carpal tunnel explain
caused by compression of one of the nerves that controls movement in the hands / fingers.
causes a tingling sensation, numbness and sometimes pain in the hand and fingers.
yoga - use props such as chair, wall, wedge block or rolled mat as takes weight off wrists into knuckles - correct hand alignment in poses like down dog not cupping hands - decrease extension and weight bearing
rotator cuff injuries
vulnerable place as high degree of movement in shoulder
pain in shoulder is common symptom
number of injuries can occur
strengthen rotator cuffs - plank lifting shoulders - cat cow lifting shoulders - dolphin
side plank factors inhibiting stability
to maintain the scapula position on the rib cage requires the serratus anterior
to stabilise and protect the shoulder joint requires the rotator cuff
to abduct the shoulder requires the deltoid
plank pose factors inhibiting stability
to prevent scapular winging - serratus anterior
to stabilise and protect shoulder joint - rotator cuff, deltoid
to resist ectension of shoulder created by pull of gravity - pectoralis major and minor