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Flashcards in lecture 5 syllabus Deck (16)
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functions of the respiratory system?

• To transport air into the lungs and to facilitate the diffusion of Oxygen into the blood stream.
• Receives waste Carbon Dioxide from the blood and eliminates it from the body.


where is the pharynx located?

at the back of the throat -- behind the larynx which is at the front


what are the 2 types of breathing?

costal - ribs open and close

diaphragmatic - abdomen bulges


inhalation organs involved

diaphragm contracts and pulls air into lungs
intercostal muscles also used


exhalation organs involved

diaphragm relaxes moves up
abdominal exhalation the abdominals are used


how is the respiratory system affected in asana?

yoga frees up breathing mechanism to optimise gaseous exchange. Allows breath to effectively support movement and posture. Makes use of breathing to affect the mind.

uddiyana kriya allows the diaphragm to stretch which releases tension.


what is respiration?

vital chemical reaction which the purpose is to release energy. Oxygen and glucose = energy.


how is breathing affected in fish pose and bow pose?

in fish pose the chest is expanded and thus the breath is brought into the chest and not the abdomen however slight abdomen breath can be used.

in bow pose rocking back and forth can allow the abdomen to press down.


what are the 2 functions of the circulatory system?

Supplies oxygen and nutrients to every cell of the body
• Removes waste and carbon dioxide


blood pressure

pressure of blood in the circulatory system.
2 numbers
systolic pressure and diastolic pressure
systolic is the highest pressure the blood reaches as your heart beats.
diastolic pressure is the lowest pressure the blooed reaches


what occurs in shoulder stand to the circulatory system?

inversion so lymph drainage.
encourages venous return - veins to return blood to heart
allows blood to flow to brain with little work from heart


effects causes and consequences of high blood pressure?

causes = genetic, lifestyle, stress
consequences = heart attack, stroke, organ damage
Yoga reduces stress and evens out muscle tension


high blood pressure yoga cautions

head below heart
held postures
arms over head
full inversions


low blood pressure - effects and causes

can cause inadequate blood flow to the brain and other organs


low blood pressure yoga cautions

quick changes of pressure in the head --- headstand to childs pose
coming up from uttanasa to tadasana
be slow and careful


varicose veins - causes and effects

caused by weak vein walls and valves
pain fatigue muscle cramps