Anatomy/ Physiology: Musculoskeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Anatomy/ Physiology: Musculoskeletal System Deck (15)
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1

Musculoskeletal System

Bones and voluntary muscles of the body

2

Types of muscle

Cardiac
Skeletal
Smooth

3

Flexion

Bending of a joint

4

Extension

Straightening of a joint

5

Biceps

Anterior, humerus
Flexes lower arm

6

Triceps

Posterior, humerus
Extends lower arm

7

Pectoralis

Anterior, thorax
Flexes and rotates arm

8

Latissimus dorsi

Posterior, thorax
Extends and rotates arm

9

Rectus abdominis

Anterior, abdomen
Flexes and rotates spine

10

Tibialis anterior

Anterior, tibia
Points toes towards head

11

Gastrocnemius

Posterior, tibia
Points toes away from head

12

Quadriceps

4 separate muscles
Anterior, femur
Extends lower leg

13

Bicep femoris

Posterior, femur
Flexes lower leg

14

Gluteus

3 separate muscles
Posterior, pelvis
Extends and rotates legs

15

Musculoskeletal System: Purpose

Movement
Heat (involuntary shaking of muscles when cold)
Protection of organs beneath them