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7th grade Social Studies > Ancient Greece > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ancient Greece Deck (21):
1

Describe the geography of Greece

It has many mountains and is surrounded by natural harbors (water)

2

In geographical terms, what physical feature is Greece?

A peninsula, (with many mountains and harbors)

3

Because traveling by land was difficult, what did the Greeks do instead?

They turned to the seas for travel and trade, they became excellent ship builders

4

What group developed an advanced civilization on Crete?

the Minoans

5

In what ways were the Mycenaeans different than the Minoans

Minoans didn't speak the Greek language (that's why historians don't consider the Minoans to be Greek)

6

What led to the end of the Minoan civilization?

many natural disasters: a volcano erupted, covering the sky and ground in ash that ruined crops and buried cities. Because of the eruption, a giant wave came up from the sea and flooded much of the island of Crete.

7

What was the period of warfare and disorder in Greece?

The Greek Dark Ages

8

Define polis

city-state.

9

How were Greek colonies similar to a polis?

they were centers for government and trade.

10

Which Greek leader did democracy work best under?

Pericles.

(He encouraged people to take pride in their city, participate in government, and paid people for their public service. He also encouraged people of Athens to introduce democracy into other parts of Greece.)

11

Describe a representative democracy

A representative democracy is the type of government of the United States. Citizens elect representatives to debate and vote on issues for them. There is a separation of powers: legislative (create laws), executive (enforce laws), and judicial (judges interpret the laws). All citizens can participate/vote (both men and women).

12

Why were juries in Athens designed to have an odd number of members?

to prevent ties in votes.

13

What is a government that only has a few people in power?

An oligarchy

14

During the early democracy in Greece, why did people have meetings outdoors?

The Athenians held meetings outdoors because they wanted to be sure everybody that wanted to attend would be able.

15

Describe the rights of citizens in the first democracy of Athens

to be a citizen in Athens, you had to be a male that owned land. All citizens had the right to vote in assembly. They all had the right to speak and debate on issues. All voting was done by a show of hands or by secret ballot.

16

What does "democracy" mean?

rule of the people

17

What did Greek myths explain?

stories about the gods that tried to explain how the world worked.

18

According to Greek mythology, why are there different seasons?

Demeter is separated from her daughter Persephone for six months out of the year. Her sadness for missing her daughter makes the earth cold and gray, creating fall and winter.

19

In what ways do we see Greek mythology in part of today's culture?

Colleges and professional sports teams are named for characters in Greek mythology. The Olympics are held every four years. We have expressions such as “titanic” to describe something that is very large.

20

How was democracy in ancient Greece different from our current democratic government?

(this is also the answer to the open response question)
(Explain the differences between a direct democracy of Ancient Greece and a representative democracy of the United States.)

IN ATHENIAN DIRECT DEMOCRACY…
• All citizens meet as a group to debate and vote directly on every issue
• There is no separation of powers… citizens work together to create laws, enforce laws, and act as judges.
• Only free male citizens could vote. Women and slaves could not.

In AMERICAN REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY…
* Citizens elect representatives to debate and vote on issues for them.
•There is a separation of powers. Three branches of government: LEGISLATIVE (creates laws), EXECUTIVE (passes and enforces laws), JUDICIAL (interprets the laws—judges elected or appointed). Not all people serve in these roles collectively.
•All legal adult residents are citizens regardless of gender, race, or status and have the right to vote in elections.

21

Explain the differences between a direct democracy of Ancient Greece and a representative democracy of the United States. OPEN RESPONSE

In Athenian Direct Democracy…
• All citizens meet as a group to debate and vote directly on every issue
• There is no separation of powers… citizens work together to create laws, enforce laws, and act as judges.
• Only free male citizens could vote. Women and slaves could not.
In American Representative Democracy…
* Citizens elect representatives to debate and vote on issues for them.
•There is a separation of powers. Three branches of government: LEGISLATIVE (creates laws), EXECUTIVE (passes and enforces laws), JUDICIAL (interprets the laws—judges elected or appointed). Not all people serve in these roles collectively.
•All legal adult residents are citizens regardless of gender, race, or status and have the right to vote in elections.