Chapter 9 Flashcards Preview

7th grade Social Studies > Chapter 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (42):
1

Describe Cyrus the Great's army. What was army able to achieve.

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2

What were the two components of the Persian army?

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3

What were the jobs of satraps? (Hint: not just governors)

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4

Why did Darius I fill Persia's capital city with gold, silver, and artwork?

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5

Which Persian leader is known for building an advanced system of roads in the empire?

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6

Describe the battle at Marathon.

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7

Describe the battle at Salamis.

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8

Describe Spartan training for boys. What can you tell the Spartans valued most.

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9

Describe the role of girls and women in Athens.

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10

What is the difference in lifestyle between girls in Sparta vs. girls in Athens.

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11

What were young Spartan boys doing by age 7? What were young Athenians boys doing>

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12

Describe the social classes of Spartan society.

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13

How did the Spartans view the Delian League? Why did they feel this way? To what event did this start?

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14

What fatal mistake did Athens make after their truce with Sparta?

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15

What happened that led to an end of the Peloponnesian War?

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16

What happened as a result of the Peloponnesian War?

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17

What lands did Philip II of Macedonia first conquer?

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18

Describe a phalanx

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19

What allowed Philip to conquer Greece?

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20

What led to the end of Philip II expanding his empire?

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21

What did Alexander first do to assert his power?

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22

Describe the legend of the Gordian knot.

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23

What happened to Alexander and his armies when they reached Egypt?

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24

What are the factors that led to the early death of Alexander?

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25

Name four major battles in Alexander's conquests.

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26

Why did Alexander spread Greek culture throughout his empire even though he wasn't Greek?

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27

Which leaders allowed for conquered people to maintain their customs?

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28

What happened to Alexander's empire after he died? (Be specific in you description. Hint: Three)

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29

What factors made Hellenistic Egypt different than the other kingdoms?

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30

Name three major achievements of the Greeks.

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31

Greek columns were built in a unique way. Why did they build them in that way?

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32

What was the most famous temple in Athens and what god was it built to honor?

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33

List and describe the three types of columns: Ionic, Doric, Corinthian.

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34

What did ancient Greek writers write about?

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35

What is a philosopher?

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36

Who was Socrates? What did he teach? What happened as a result of his teachings?

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37

Which Greek thinker promoted use of reason and moderation in people's daily lives?

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38

What were the accomplishments of Euclid?

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39

Describe Plato's most famous piece of writing.

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40

What Greek city state has a government most similar to ours in the U.S?

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41

Short Answer: Be able to describe Athens and Sparta.

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42

Short Answer: Be able to describe Persian War and Peloponnesian War

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