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Flashcards in Ancient India Deck (23)
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1

Karma?

the result of a person's actions as well as the actions as well as the actions themselves. it is a term about the cycle of cause and effect. "this happened to a person because they caused it with their actions"

2

Reincarnation?

the re birth of a soul in a new body

3

Polygyny?

polygamy in which a man has more than one wife

4

Suttee?

a former practice in India whereby a widow threw herself on to her husbands funeral pyre. I widow who committed sati

5

Monsoons?

a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of south and southeast Asia blowing from the southwest between may and September and bringing rain.

6

Inoculation?

the action of inoculating or of being inoculated; vaccination.

7

Siddhartha Gautama?

a prince, who was sheltered and realized people didn't all live as he did. he found that people who suffered from sickness and wanted to put an end to it so he left his newborn son and wife at the age of 29 and began sharing the answers he gained.

8

Ashoka?

Ashoka 270 BCE - 232 BCE, he was Chandragupta Maurya's grandson. he built an empire that covered 213 of the Indian subcontinent. Ashoka's rock Edicts were laws written in local language so people could read them.

9

Chandragupta Maurya?

Mauryan Empire 321 BCE - 185 BCE Chandragupta Maurya. After the death of Macedonian king, Alexander the great in 323 BCE, Chandragupta Maurya began conquering the Macedonian satrapies, provinces or areas ruled by Macedonian governors and united northern India under his control. throughout his region, he continued ti expand through conquests and alliances.

10

Chandragupta I?

320 - 374 CE, Chandragupta I (known as reaction to the previous rulers of the same name) created the Gupta Empire. he used whatever means necessary to remain in control. During his rule arts and sciences flourished. hinduism became the dominant region.

11

Chandragupta II?

374 - 415 CE, he eased tax burdens. art and sciences continued to flourish. iron pillar of Delhi commissioned by Chandragupta II after his victory against Vihiakas. donors the Hindu god Vishnu. It had stood for more than 1600 years without rusting or decomposing. the empire weakened after Chandragupta II's death and eventually collapsed in 550 CE.

12

what are the four noble truths?

1. all people suffer and know sorrow. 2. desires cause suffering (in other words, people suffer because they try to get things hey cannot have). 3. end suffering by eliminating desires. 4. eliminate desire by following the eightfold path.

13

five achievements of the ancient Indian empire?

established a bureaucracy, established standardized weights and measures, established standards for physicians.

14

explain the caste system?

The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Many believe that the groups originated from Brahma, the Hindu God of creation. legally, while a hindu, you cant change to a different caste there are options you can try, varied levels of success.

15

hinduism and buddism?

Hinduism is about understanding Brahma, existence, from within the Atman, which roughly means "self" or "soul," whereas Buddhism is about finding the Anatman — "not soul" or "not self." In Hinduism, attaining the highest life is a process of removing the bodily distractions from life, allowing one to eventually understand the Brahma nature within. In Buddhism, one follows a disciplined life to move through and understand that nothing in oneself is "me," such that one dispels the very illusion of existence. In so doing, one realizes Nirvana.

16

what may have happened to the Harrapans?

The mysterious fall of the largest of the world's earliest urban civilizations nearly 4,000 years ago in what is now India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh now appears to have a key culprit — ancient climate change, researchers say.

17

eight fold path?

1. know truth, 2. resist evil, 3. say nothing to hurt others, 4. respect life 5. work for the good of others, 6. free mind of evil, 7. control your thoughts, 8. practice mediation.

18

the five caste systems?

brahmins, kshatriyas, vaishyas, shudras, dalits.

19

brahmins

priestly, academic classes

20

kshatriyas

rulers, administrators, warriors

21

vaishyas

artisans, tradesmen, farmers, merchants

22

shudras

manual labourers

23

dalits

street cleaners, menial tasks