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Flashcards in Pre History vocab Deck (36)
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1

Agriculture

The science or practice of framing, the growing of crops reeling in animals for their wool, food, etc.

2

Artifact

An object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural of historical interest.

3

Archeology

the study of human history and what they did in the past from the things they left behind.

4

Anthropology

The study of humans societies, cultures and how they are developed.

5

Artisan

a worker who is skill, focused on one trade. especially one made by hand.

6

B.C.E

BCE (Before Common Era) and BC (Before Christ) mean the same thing- previous to year 1.

7

Bronze

was age (3000 BCE - c. 1,000 BCE) this metal is known to be the Ancient Civilizations metal.

8

(Job) Specialization

is a process where individuals or employees develop specific skills and expertise to preform certain activities. it involves training the person to excel in a given set of tasks.

9

Cave paintings

oldest found are from 30,000-40,000 years ago, they were found caves across Europe as well as Africa and Australia. Possibly part of religious ceremonies.

10

Climate

different forms of weather in the atmosphere throughout long periods of time.

11

Historian

An expert in history, they enjoy studying and learning about history.

12

Technology

science or knowledge put together to for practical uses to problem solve and invent useful tools.

13

Carbon dating

A scientific technique used to determine the age of an object.

14

Fossil

The remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock.

15

Nomad

A member of a people having no permanent abode and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for our livestock.

16

Homo Sapiens

these were the common humans, lived 100,000 to 400,000 years ago, cro-magnon man and Neanderthals are considered the 1st two early Homo sapiens. Traveled from Africa to Asia, Europe and the Americas, known as the wise men.

17

Hominid

a primate of a family ( Hominidae ) that includes humans and their fossil ancestors and also (in recent systems) at least some of the great apes.

18

Irrigation

the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels.

19

Migration

the action of moving to a new place and establishing one's home or business there.

20

Neolithic and Palaeolithic

Neolithic age (8,000-3,000 BCE) it is the newer form of agriculture its when crops were planted and plants were a more mainstream source of food, they also domesticated animals to use them for help to get more food. Palaeolithic age (2,500,000-8,000 BCE) it is the older form when the early humans hunted and eat mainly animal.

21

Neolithic and Palaeolithic

Neolithic age (8,000-3,000) is the newer form of agriculture its when crops were planted and plants were a more mainstream source of food, they also domesticated animals to use them for help to get more food. Palaeolithic age (2,500,000-8,000) is the older form when the early humans hunted and eat mainly animal.

22

Prehistory

the period of time before written records.

23

Cro-magnon hominids

(10,000 BCE) found is Europe, considered fully modern humans, created cave art, studied animals and stocked their prey.

24

Five early Hominids

Australopithecus, Homo Habilis, Homo Erectus, Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon.

25

Cro-magnon hominids

age (10,000 BCE) found is Europe, considered fully modern humans, created cave art, studied animals and stocked their prey.

26

Lucy

She was founded by Donald Johnson, (2,000,000 BCE)

27

Homo Habilis

lived 2.5 million-1.5 million years ago, Habilis meaning "man of skill" known as the "Handy-Man". the 1st too to make stone tools, used the tools to cut meat and crack bones. Evidence shows they could cut elephant meat.

28

Homo Erectus

age (1,000,000 BCE) lived 1.6 million- 30,000 years ago, remains found in Africa, Asia and Europe, known as that "upright man", they developed new ways to use stone-tools. Digging, scraping, etc (craving). First group to control & create fire, they created spoken/ oral language.

29

Neanderthal

(50,000 BCE) found in Europe and SW Asia, 1st to have rituals burials. They Battled Cro-Magnon for food/land, very muscular build-look like caveman.

30

when was "Ardi" hominid?

(4,400,000 BCE)

31

when was Abraham founds Judaism?

(1800 BCE)

32

when did farming begin?

(8,000 BCE)

33

when was the first stone tools made?

(2,500,000 BCE)

34

when was Hammurabi code?

(1790 BCE)

35

when did the Otzi, the "Ice Man" live?

(3300 BCE)

36

when was the Stonehenge built?

(3,100 BCE)