Flashcards in Anger Management Deck (20):
How are anger and aggression linked?
Anger is a significant activator of aggression but is not sufficient for aggression and is not always necessary.
When is anger a problem?
Lasts too long
Leads to aggression
Leas to negative consequences
By what is aggression regulated?
What is instrumental aggression?
Means to an end
With what can arousal interfere?
Alternative cognitive appraisals
What are the three domains of anger in Novaco's (1994) model of anger?
1. product of cognitive processing of environmental circumstances
2. conjoined physiological arousal
3. behavioural reactions
Who developed a 3-domain model of anger?
What is the difficulty of arousal interfering with alternative cognitive appraisals?
You can't think of an alternative explanation.
Outline the Sequential Development Model of Aggression (Vitaro & Brendgen, 2005).
Temperament and neurophys => predisposition to display aggression
If this occurs in the right environment and reactive aggression is reinforced, it may become proactive aggression
Who developed the Sequential Development Model of Aggression?
Vitaro and Brendgen (2005)
What did Vitaro and Brendgen (2005) develop?
The sequential development model of aggression
What needs to be considered when assessing aggression?
Hostile attribution bias
Name 2 evaluation methods for anger.
State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (Spielberger, 1996)
Novaco Anger Scale (Novaco, 2003)
Outline the anger management programme.
Triggering events and contextual stressors
What are the cognitive strategies for anger?
Recognising cognitive distortions and linking them with childhood experiences
What are the behavioural strategies for anger?
Recognising physical symptoms
What is proactive aggression?
Aggression as a means to an end/feeling that violence is necessary
What is reactive aggression?
Aggression in reaction to a perceived threat/feeling unsafe
What is a key tool for working with aggression?
Tap into consequences as this can help with motivation