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Y4 Compendium Exam > CBT > Flashcards

Flashcards in CBT Deck (37):
1

What kind of socialisation techniques can you use for health anxiety?

Symptom tracking
Intelligent disease metaphor - how would a brain tumour know when it was being reassured?
Selective attention (and for panic disorder)

2

How could we challenge reassurance?

What is the effect of reassurance on your feelings/symptoms?
How would that work if you were actually ill?

3

Name 5 change techniques.

Behavioural experiments
Testing predictions
Survey
Paradoxical procedures
Reducing reassurance seeking

4

What are paradoxical procedures?

Increasing coping strategies, e.g. checking

5

What are 4 hypothesis testing procedures that can be used in CBT?

Pie charts
Theory A/Theory B
Cost/benefit
Evidence/Counter-evidence

6

In an assessment interview, what are the main pieces of information needed?

Background
Info about the problem
Stage of change
Strengths/weaknesses/other problems
Expectations of therapy

7

When formulating what questions do we need to answer?

What is the problem?
How did it originate?
What is preventing it from being resolved?
How much impact is it having on the person's life?
Is the person ready to change?
WHIMC

8

For what does WHIMC stand and to what does it apply?

What?
How?
Impact
Maintaining
Change stage
When gathering information to formulate

9

What kind of listening is important in sessions?

Reflective

10

Name 5 aspects of reflective listening.

Paraphrasing
Amplified reflection
Affirmation
Summarising
Reflection of feeling

11

What is a key feature of a formulation?

It has room for an intervention.

12

What are the stages of change?

Pre-contemplation
Contemplation
Preparation
Action
Maintenance
Relapse

13

What kinds of questions can you ask to assess stage of change?

How do you feel about your... ?
What concerns do you have about... ?

14

What is the goal of the therapist for a pre-contemplative client?

Move them from 'NO!' to 'I'll think about it...'

15

What types of assessment are there?

Interview
Self-monitoring
Observation
Questionnaire
Informer

16

Who is the person to cite for formulation research?

Butler

17

What are the three strategy areas for intervention techniques in CBT?

Behavioural
Cognitive coping strategies
Cognitive restructuring

18

List 4 behavioural techniques.

Contingent reinforcement
Activity planning
Relaxation
Role-play/modelling

19

List 4 cognitive coping strategy techniques.

Problem solving
Self instructional training
Motivation to change
Psychoeducation

20

List 7 cognitive restructuring techniques.

Thought monitoring
Challenging NATs
Reality testing
Reattribution
Making assumptions explicit
Identify core beliefs
Schema focussed interventions

21

Who do you name drop for social phobia?

Clark

22

Who do you name drop for Panic Disorder?

Clark

23

Who do you name drop for OCD?

Salkovskis

24

Who do you name drop for GAD?

Dugas

25

Who do you name drop for PTSD?

Ehlers and Clark

26

What is one of the central processes in CBT?

Guided discovery

27

List 5 ways of eliciting NATs.

Recounting a specific episode
Worst consequence scenarios
Naming emotions/affect shifts
Exposure tasks (either in vivo or analogue)
Thought diaries

28

List 5 verbal reattribution techniques.

Defining and operationalising terms
Questioning the evidence + Counter evidence (to be done separately)
Labelling distortions
Psychoeducation
Pie charts

29

Who developed the Triple Column Technique?

Burns (1989)

30

What is the Triple Column Technique?

Write down NAT and belief rating
ID distortion present
Substitute a rational response (can make these into flashcards)

31

What are verbal techniques used for?

Loosening beliefs and presenting a foundation for attitude change

32

What is involved in behavioural reattribution?

Exposure

33

What is the aim of a behavioural experiment?

Disconfirmation

34

What process should be followed for a behavioural experiment?

P - prepare (focus on target thought, ID stimuli and behaviours, present rationale)
E - expose
T - test
S -summarise

35

In what form can dysfunctional appraisals appear?

NAT
Misinterpretation
Worry

36

Why is avoidance/safety behaviours problematic?

Do not allow disconformatory information to be gathered
They can increase arousal
Can increase salience/frequency of cognitions
Can attribute bad things not happening to that instead of to the fact that they would not happen.

37

What are the cognitive biases in schema theory?

Information Processing
Judgement
Evaluation
Memory