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Flashcards in Animal behavior Deck (69)
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1

autonomic responses to simple stimuli and are recognized as reliable behavioral responses following a given environmental stimulus

reflex

2

simple reflex is controlled at the --

spinal cord

3

simple reflex connects a -- pathway from the receptor (afferent neuron) to the motor (efferent neuron)

2-neuron

4

-- nerve innervates the effector (muscle or gland)

efferent

5

T/F: reflex behavior is more important in the behavioral response of lower animals

true

6

more complex reflect patterns involve neural integration at a higher level of the -- or even the cerebrum

brainstem

7

alerts an animal to a significant stimulus; can occur in response to potential danger or to hearing one's name called

startle response

8

startle response involves the integration of many neurons in a system termed the -- which is responsible for sled-wake transitions and behavioral motivation

reticular activating system

9

-- are complex, coordinated, innate behavioral responses to specific patterns of stimulation in the environment

fixed-action patterns

10

complex reflexes: stimulus that elicits the behavior

releaser

11

T/F: because fixed-action patterns are innate, they are relatively unlikely to be modified by learning

true

12

T/F: an animal basa repertoire of fixed action patterns and only a limited ability to develop new ones

true

13

the particular stimuli that trigger a fixed-actio pattern are more readily modified, provided certain cues or elements of the stimuli are --

maintained

14

the retrieval and maintenance response of many female birds to an egg of their species, swimming actions of fish, flying of birds are examples of a

fixed-action pattern

15

daily cycles of behavior

circadian rhythms

16

animals with circadian rhythms lose their exact 24-hour periodicity if they are -- from the natural phases of light and dark

isolated

17

-- behavior will continue with approximate day-to-day phasing

cyclical

18

circadian rhythms is initiated intrinsically but modified by --

external factors

19

T/F: sleep and wakefulness are obvious examples of cyclic behavior and have been associated with particular patterns of brain waves

true

20

response to traffic signals is an example of

environmental stimuli

21

T/F: environmental stimuli influence naturally occurring biological rhythms and biological factors influence behavior governed by periodic environmental stimuli

true

22

learned behavior involves -- to the environment

adaptive responses

23

the capacity of the nervous system, (cerebral cortex) for flexibility and plasticity

neurologic development

24

one of the simplest learning patterns involving the suppression of the normal start response to stimuli

habituation

25

ni habituation, repeated stimulation results in -- responsiveness to that stimulus

decreased

26

Habituation: if the stimulus is no longer regularly applied, the response tends to -- over time

recover (spontaneous recovery)

27

T/F: in habituation, recovery of the response can also occur with modification of the stimulus

true

28

-- or Pavlovian conditioning in involves the association of a normally autonomic or visceral response with an environmental stimulus

classical

29

the response learned through Pavlovian conditioning is called

conditioned reflex

30

in Pavlovian conditioning, the normal innate stimulus for a reflex is -- by one chosen by the experimenter

replaced