Animal Ethics Flashcards Preview

BMS1052 Human Neurobiology > Animal Ethics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Animal Ethics Deck (9):
1

What is an animal, in the context of research?

Live non-human vertebrate (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals encompassing domestic animals, purpose-bred animals, livestock, wildlife and cephalopods).

2

When is use of an animal justified?

- Scientific/educational merit. There is potential benefit for humans, animals, environment.
- Use of animals is essential to achieve stated aims and suitable alternatives are unavailable
- Minimum number of animals used
- Minimum adverse impact on the wellbeing of the animals involved.

3

What is replacement?

Replacement of animals with other methods.

4

What is reduction?

Number of animals must be the minimum necessary to achieve the proposed aims and to satisfy good statistical design.

5

What is refinement?

Refinement of techniques used to minimise the adverse impact on animals. Steps must be taken at all times to support and safeguard animal wellbeing.

6

What are some examples of replacement?

Epidemiological data, physical and chemical analysis, computational/mathematical models and simulations, in vitro systems, non-sentient organisms, cadavers, clinical cases.

7

When considering reduction, what needs to be balanced?

Balance the number of animals used and the amount of pain one animal is subjected to.

8

What are examples of reduction?

Where practicable, animal tissue from killed animals must be shared amongst investigators or deposited in a tissue bank for subsequent distribution.

9

What must take place, in terms of refinement?

People who care for animals must:
- be competent
- be under direct supervision of a competent person
Minimised duration of activities and minimise distress.