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Description > Animals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Animals Deck (112):
0

size

very large, massive, giant
large
medium, intermediate
small
very small, pygmy

1

general behaviour

active
dormant
solitary, reclusive
gregarious, social
sedentary, settled
nomadic, migrating

2

Development

full-grown, mature
young, immature

3

Body

long-bodied
short-bodied
heavy-bodied, stocky, stubby, chunky
low-slung
sleek-bodied, slender

4

Colouration

plain, colourful, marked, unmarked, regular (markings), irregular, uniform, variable, alternating, dense, scattered, tinged, tinted, tipped, ringed (spots), buff, tawny, dusky, grizzled

5

Areas of body

above, below
on the back or top side, dorsal
on or along the side, lateral
on the stomach or underside, ventral
upperpart, underpart
front/anterior hind/posterior

6

close together (antonym)

widely spaced, separated

7

close together

joined, webbed, proximal

8

parts of body

well-developed
poorly developed
undeveloped
no longer used as a body part, vestigial

9

warm blooded

endothermic, homoiothermic

10

cold-blooded

ectothermic, poikilothermic

11

active during daylight

diurnal

12

active at night

nocturnal

13

active at dawn or twilight

crepuscular

14

passing the winter in a lethargic and low-metabolic state

hibernating

15

passing the summer in a lethargic and low metabolic state

aestivating

16

two-legged

bicrural

17

two footed

biped

18

four-footed

quadruped, tetrapod

19

many footed

polyped

20

having no feet

apodal

21

having hand like feet

pedimanous, pedimane

22

having arms

brachiate

23

two handed

bimanous

24

having nails or claws

unguiculate

25

having feathered feet

plumiped, braccate

26

web footed

palmiped

27

capable of grasping

prehensile

28

capable of being extended

protractile, protrusile

29

capable of being drawn back

retractile

30

scratching the ground for food

rasorial

31

having ears

aurated

32

having a tail

caudate

33

having no tail

anurous

34

having a tail with colour hands

ring-tailed

35

having horns

corniculate

36

having no horns

acerous

37

having two teeth

bidentate

38

having no teeth

edentate

39

having two antennae or tentacles

dicerous

40

not adapted to flying

flightless

41

having wings

pennate, alate

42

having no wings

apterous

43

having feathers

plumaged, plumose

44

having a peak

rostrate, rhamphoid

45

having scales

squamate, squamous, squamose

46

shedding or peeling off scales

desquamate

47

having a bony or horny shell-like case

loricate

48

having gills

branchiate

49

having a thick hide

pachydermatous

50

having a rough skin with sharp points

muricate

51

having no hair

naked, hairless

52

having fur (pelage)

furred, furry

53

having shiny fur

sleek-furred

54

having soft hair

pilose

55

having bristles or spines

spiny, hispid, setaceous

56

covered with bristles or spines

echinate

57

covered with small bristles of spines

echinate

58

covered with small bristles of spines

echinulate

59

divided into defined segments or sections

segmented

60

of two colours

bicoloured

61

of three colours

tricoloured

62

having stripes

striped, banded

63

having long markings or somewhat uneven stripes

streaked

64

having longitudinal stripes

vittate

65

having transverse or crosswise stripes

cross-banded, cross-barred

66

having spots of colour (or black or white)

spotted, mottled, maculate, liturate

67

having small spots of colour (or black and white)

flecked, fleckled, speckled, specked, stippled, irrorate

68

having large and irregular spots

blotched

69

having black-and-white blotches

piebald

70

having patches of white and a colour not black

skewbald

71

having a mask-like facial marking or colouration

masked

72

having a visibly collar-like part or marking

collared, ruffed

73

having a tuft or ridge like formation on the head or back

crested

74

having a fin along the back

fin backd

75

having a highly developed sense of smell

macromatic

76

having a weakly developed sense of smell

microsmatic

77

having virtually no sense of smell

anosmatic

78

imitative in colour or form

apatetic

79

warning off by colours or changed in the body

aposematic

80

serving to conceal

cryptic

81

imitating others by things by using something as a covering

allocryptic

82

giving birth to young rather than producing eggs

viviparous

83

laying eggs

oviparous

84

laying eggs but retaining them until hatching time

ovoviviparous

85

widely distributed around the globe

cosmopolitan

86

dwelling in a particular region

endemic

87

dwelling in a particular region

endemic

88

dwelling in the same region or overlapping regions

sympatric

89

dwelling in different regions

allopatric

90

dwelling in the air

aerial

91

dwelling on the ground

terrestrial, terricolous

92

dwelling (insects) at or near the ground's surface

epigeal

93

dwelling underground

subterranean, hypogeous

94

dwelling in caverns

cavernicolous

95

dwelling in burrows

cunicular

96

dwelling (insects) under a stone

lapidicolous

97

dwelling in a tube

tubicolous

98

dwelling in mud

limicolous

99

dwelling in dung

coprophilous, coprozioc, stercoricolous

100

dwelling in the desert

deserticolous

101

dwelling (or burrowing) in sand

arenicolous

102

dwelling in meadows or fields

practicolous, arvicoline

103

dwelling on land and in water

amphibian

104

dwelling in mountains

montane

105

dwelling in trees

arboreal

106

dwelling in water

aquatic

107

dwelling in fresh water

freshwater

108

dwelling in the sea

oceanic, pelagic, marine, maricolous

109

dwelling in active or moving waters

lotic

110

dwelling in still or slow moving waters

lentic

111

dwelling along the seacoast

litteral, orarian, limicoline