Buildings and Dwellings Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Buildings and Dwellings Deck (241):
0

relatively large structure

edifice, building, construction, erection, construct, fabric

1

structure in which to live

dwelling, home, house, habitation, abode, residence, domicile, homestead, living quarters, lodgings, shelter, dwelling house, billet, accommodations

2

structure in which people work

office building, commercial building, workplace, shop, factory, store, plant, place of business

3

structure with individual living units

apartment hose, tenement, residential building, high-rise, cooperative apartment house, co-op building, co-op, condominium, multiple-unit dwelling

4

structure where lodging and usually meals are provided

boardinghouse, guest house, pension, rooming house

5

overnight lodging place

hotel, motel, inn, hostelry, caravansary, lodge, bed-and-breakfast

6

cheap lodging place

hostel, flophouse, dosshouse, fleabag, cold-water flat

7

large private dwelling (usually on spacious property)

mansion, estate, chateau, country house, palace, manor, manor house, family house, ancestral home, homestead, hacienda

8

impressive public or private dwelling

palace, palazzo

9

farmhouse

grange

10

additional or minor building

outbuilding, outhouse

11

large or impressive building or buildings

pile

12

tall building

skyscraper

13

pyramidal towerlike structure with winding terraces (originally a Sumerian temple)

ziggurat

14

luxurious country estate or retreat

villa (Russia: dacha)

15

group of interrelated buildings

complex, installation, facility, base

16

home of prebuilt sections or units

prefab, modular home, modular

17

tunnel-shaped prefabricated shelter of corrugated metal (and concrete floor)

Nissen hut, Quonset hut

18

small rural or resort-area house

cottage, cabin

19

simple one-story house built of lgos

log cabin

20

house whose rooms lie in a line front to back

shotgun house

21

poor or shabby dwelling

hut, shack, hovel, shanty, shed, hutch, cottage, cabin

22

cabin with an open breezeway

dogtrot house

23

primitive (Eskimo) domelike dwelling usually makde of blocks of snow

igloo

24

primitive circulr (Mongul) tentlike hut of hides with a conical top

yurt

25

primitive (Native American) conical animal skin tent

tepee

26

primitive (Native American) matted oval or rounded hut of bark or hides

wigwam

27

primitive (Native American) tepeelike hut of brushwood or mats

wickiup

28

primitive (Native American) mud-covered log building of various shapes

hogan

29

communal terraced adobe (Native American) dwelling

pueblo

30

primitive (Native American) bark-and-wood communal dwelling of great length

longhouse

31

house with widely overhanging roof as well as decoratively carved supports and balconies

chalet

32

house having a timber framework

frame house

33

small cottage or house of one story

bungalow

34

house whose rooms are at different one-, two-, or half story levels

split-level

35

luxurious one-family city house of several stories (and often of brick) and usually one of several in a row

town house

36

house (with two entrances) designed vertically or horizontally for two families but having a common side wall

two family house, duplex house, semidetached

37

small house connected to an apartment building

maisonette

38

house similar to others in development

tract house

39

house that is one of a continuous line of houses all of the same general appearance

row house

40

one-story house with a low-pitched roof

ranch house, ranch, rambler

41

house high up on a hill or mountain

aerie, eyrie

42

apartment suite with connecting rooms on two floors

duplex apartment, maisonette

43

apartment with rooms in more or less a straight line

railroad flat, railroad apartment

44

roof-level or special (and usually luxurious) upper-level apartment

penthouse

45

ground-floor apartment having its own backyard or private garden area

garden apartment

46

apartment with one main room (often with a high ceiling) but with kitchen and bathroom facilities

studio apartment, studio

47

small apartment (often furnished) with a bathroom and kitchenette

efficiency apartment, efficiency

48

building's upper story converted for use as an artist's studio or apartment

loft, atelier

49

building's upper or visible part

superstructure

50

building's lower or unseen part

understructure

51

main story of a house

bel etage

52

ground floor

rez-de-chaussee

53

intermediary and often balcony-like story

mezzanine, entresol

54

platform outside or around a house

deck

55

glass or multi-windowed porch or room for enjoying maximum sunlight

sun porch, solarium, sun parlor, sun room

56

glass structure for growing many plants

greenhouse, conservatory

57

covered or arched and usually columned walkway open on at least one side

galley, arcade, loggia, cloister

58

small or blind (decorative rather than structural) arcade

arcature

59

columns in a row and usually supporting a roof or wall

colonnade

60

colonnade encircling an open space or buliding

peristyle

61

roofed outdoor passageway between buildings

breezeway, (of a cabin) dogtrot

62

long walkway within a structure or between buildings

passageway

63

level open grassy or paved area for walking

esplanade

64

interior open area

courtyard, court, cloister

65

platform-like and usually paved open recreational area alonside a house

terrace, patio

66

depressed open area at cellar or basement level

areaway

67

level space that encompasses a building site

parterre

68

ornamental garden with paths

parterre

69

garden decoratively interspersed with rocks

rock garden, rockery

70

walkway or arbor with vine-covered posts and trelliswork

pergola

71

small roofed open structure in a garden or with a pleasant view

belvedere, gazebo, summer house, pavilion

72

roofed entranced structure

porch, portico

73

roofed and railinged platform fronting or around part of a house

porch, veranda

74

small porch or entrance stairway

stoop

75

screen-walled or roofed driveway (along a house entrance or to an interior courtyard) for vehicles

porte cohere, carriage porch

76

front wall

facade, face

77

protective or ornamental covering on the front of a building

facing

78

projecting brace supporting a building externally

buttress

79

low protective wall along a roof or platform

parapet

80

defensive or decorative notched parapet topping a wall

battlement

81

building's external angle or corner, or the stone forming it

quoin, cornerstone

82

triangular part of a roofs end or building's projection (sometimes with a window)

gable

83

above-the-roof gable with "steps" or setbacks

crowstep gable, corbiestep

84

small sloping-roof or attic gable often with a window (all in all like a miniature house)

dormer

85

low or small dormer over which the roofing curves

eyebrow

86

horizontal frame-like (and often decorative) projection all along the top of a wall

cornice

87

projecting block (one of many) beneath a cornice

dentil

88

part (lower) of roof overhanging the wall

eave

89

rounded vertical support

pillar, column

90

square or rectangular vertical support

pier

91

rectangular vertical support not freestanding but projecting from part of a wall

pilaster

92

scroll-like or spiral ornamental feature

volute

93

wall's clamp-like support (beneath a roof or overhang)

bracket, corbel

94

ornament scroll-like projection beneath a cornice

modillion

95

projecting curved or foliage-like ornament high up on a building

crocket

96

rounded (part of a sphere) rooftop structure

dome, cupola

97

rooftop structure for observation or decoration

cupola, lantern, belfry, belvedere

98

opening at the top of a dome

oculus

99

Russian-style (ogival) bulbous dome that comes to a point

onion dome, imperial dome, imperial roof

100

pointed tower-like construction rising from a roof

spire, fleche, steeple

101

small spire like ornament topping a feature of a building

pinnacle, finial

102

octagonal spire

broach spire

103

horizontal part of a classical building above the columns and below the eaves

entablature

104

sculptured or in-relief band along the top of a classical building

freeze

105

sculptural relief whose projection is slight

bas relief

106

triangular gable-like fronting of a classical roof (or an ornament version of this)

pediment

107

crown-like upper end of a column, pier, or pilaster

capital

108

supporting block at the base of a column, pier, or pilaster

plinth

109

wedge-shaped piece in an arch or vault

voussoir

110

ornamental part of a wall adjoining an arch or below an upper level window

spandrel

111

carved or otherwise shaped or designed ornamentation

fretwork

112

any construction or feature with openings in its design openwork decorative grating-like features or ornamentation

grille, grill, grillwork

113

decorative work with coiled forms

scrollwork

114

building features or iron

ironwork

115

roof peaking at a high angle

steep-pitched roof

116

roof peaking at a low angle

low-pitched roof

117

conventional ridged roof with the same angle of slope on either side

gable roof, saddle roof, saddleback roof

118

horizontal or level roof

flat roof

119

roof with a third face sloping down before where the two main slopes meet

hip roof, hipped roof

120

roof that slopes downward

shed roof, pent roof, lean-to roof

121

roof having not one but two slopes (or angles of slope) on either side of its ridge

curb roof

122

roof only part of which is hipped (so that part of the main gable is "blunted" or truncated)

jerkinhead roof, hipped-gable roof

123

curb roof with the lower of its two slopes the steeper one

gambrel roof, hipped-gable roof

124

roof with four faces or slopes that rise to a point

pyramidal roof

125

roof with a single downward or upward slope

lean-to roof, shed roof, penthouse roof, half-gabled roof

126

roof that is a double-gable or ridged roof (with the lowest part or "valley" in the centre)

M roof

127

roof with broad parallel indentations across its top

saw-tooth roof

128

roof tiled in the southwestern U.S. style

Spanish-tiled roof, mission-tiled roof

129

conventional wooden-frame (stile-and-rail) door with panels

panel door

130

conventional door without panels or moldings

flush door

131

door with some glass in it

sash door

132

slatted doors

louvered doors

133

slatted door on tracks that folds up or out horizontally

accordion door

134

door composed ofglass panesd

French door

135

door of glass that opens or closes along horizontal tracks

sliding glass door

136

door with two sides that open or close

double door

137

door hinged to swing in or out

double-swing door

138

crude cellar or shed door

batten door

139

paneling or other border-like features around a door

surround

140

window that does not open

fixed window

141

standard window with raisable upper and lower sashes

double-hung window

142

window with a sash that moves right or left

sliding window

143

window that opens or hinges

casement window

144

window with adjustable horizontal slat-like glass panes

jalousie

145

large fixed window dominating a room

picture window

146

window or windows projecting or curving outward from a wall

bay window, bow window

147

window above a door

transom

148

bay window supported by a bracket (corbel)

oriel

149

fixed window like a fan (or half a lemon slice) with radiating muntins (sash bars)

fan window, transom window

150

fixed fan-like window with muntins in the form of concentric semicircles

circle-head window

151

window with a sash sliding left or right

sliding window

152

window that (hinged at the top) opens out (sometimes with a crank mechanism)

awning window

153

window that (hinged at the top) opens in or is like an upside-down awning window

hopper window

154

widow that (hinged at the top) opens in

basement transom window

155

window with a sash anchored at the centre of the frame that swings around perpendicularly

centre pivot window, pivot window

156

window in a ceiling or roof

skylight

157

window with small panes separated by lead

leaded window

158

window like an archway with a lower side-window on either side (the whole looking like the frontal outline of a domed building)

Palladian window, Diocletian window, Venetian window

159

tall and narrow pointed-arch window

lancet window

160

wall opening with (usually wooden) adjustable slats for ventilation

louver

161

small round opening or window

bull's-eye, oeil-de-boeuf, oxeye

162

vertical dividing member in the middle of a window (particularly of a large Gothic window)

mullion

163

arranged or proportioned equivalently from the center

symmetical

164

not symmetrical

asymmetrical, irregular

165

having a middle or central emphasis

centralized

166

configured like rays or spokes from a centre

radial

167

standing alone or unsupported

freestanding

168

irregular in layout or spread

rambling

169

thrust forward

projecting

170

set back

recessed

171

being of the usual or typical style

vernacular

172

serving a single purpose without elaboration

functional

173

stately and sober in effect

formal

174

showing or using different elements of styles

eclectic

175

imposingly massive or grandiose

monumental

176

suggestive of Ancient Greece or Rome

classical, neoclassical

177

in three parts or divisions

tripartite

178

in four parts or divisions

quadripartite

179

in six parts or divisions

sexpartite

180

impressively bulky or dense in construction

massive

181

lengthened or notably long

elongated

182

curved or opening outward

flared

183

arched and round

domed

184

stressing line or elongated contour

streamlined, sleek

185

relatively low or close to the ground

low slung

186

having different horizontal levels

terraced

187

seemingly shortened or cut off (at the top or an end)

truncated, stunted

188

relatively small and square

box-like, boxy

189

extending around a corner or corners

wraparound

190

showing decorative features

ornamental, embellished

191

bearing shapes or decoration representing leaves

foliated

192

checkered or mosaic-like

tesselated

193

having a net-like pattern

reticulated

194

having sunken (usually) square or octagonal panels (lacunars or lacunaria) in the ceiling

coffered

195

showing segments (as of a circle) as constructional pieces

segmented

196

having columns

columniated

197

having columnar grooves

fluted

198

without columns

astylar

199

having a colonnade on all sides

peripteral, peristylar

200

having or painted in several colours

polychrome, multicolour

201

having stone masonry whose edges or joints are accentuated (by beveling or rebating the blocks)

rusticated

202

having a wall surface of wooden beams with masonry between them

half-timbered

203

sloping backward vertically or upward (as a wall)

battered

204

built or supported with horizontal beams

trabeated

205

projecting horizontally beyond its stabilizing or anchoring support

cantilevered

206

left visible although a supporting feature

exposed

207

having vertical boards or strips as walls or siding

board-and-batten

208

arched or hollowed (as a ceiling)

vaulted

209

having a vaulted ceiling like a tunnel or half-cylinder

barrel-vaulted

210

having a ceiling of intersecting vaults

groin-vaulted

211

in disrepair or crumbling

dilapidated, ramshackle, rickety, tumbledown

212

earth and grass

sod, turf

213

poles with interwoven branches, reeds, twigs, or the like used in primitive

wattle

214

straw, rushes, or the like used for roofing

thatch

215

length of unshaped timber

log

216

bonding mixture (lime or cement or both with sand and water) used between stones or bricks

mortar

217

clay bricks, tiles, stones, or concrete or glass blocks usually bonded with mortar or cement

masonry

218

pulverized clay and limestone mixture

cement, Portland cement

219

stone-like mixture of Portland cement with water and an aggregate (pebbles, shale, gravel, etc.)

concrete

220

block of concrete

concrete block

221

concrete strengthened with embedded metal (usually steel) strands or mesh

reinforced concrete

222

translucent block used chiefly in walls

glass block

223

red brick

redbrick

224

glazed or baked brick

fired brick

225

brick of sun-dried clay and straw

adobe, unfired brick

226

raw or unfinished pieces of stone

fieldstone

227

hewn or squared masonry stone

ashlar

228

broken stone

riprap, rubble, revertment

229

stone made (dressed) smooth

cut sonte

230

burnt or baked thin or curved slab or various building materials used mostly for roofs

tile, tiling

231

mixture of gypsum or limestone with sand and water and sometimes hair used primarily for walls and ceilings

plaster

232

boards of fiberboard, felt, of the like used in place of plaster

plasterboard, Sheetrock, drywall, gypsum board

233

covering or overlay of one material over another in a wall

cladding

234

weatherproof boards, sheets, or shingles used for the exposed facing of a frame building

siding

235

exterior plaster finish (usually of Portland cement and sand)

stucco

236

wall exterior of mortar and pressed-in pebbles

pebble-dash, rock-dash, roughcast

237

long and thin horizontal board (with one edge thinner) used overlapping with others for siding

clapboard, weatherboard

238

sawed thin oblong of wood, slate or other building material used overlappingly as roofing or siding

shingle

239

split-log shingle (commonly of cedar)

shake

240

polished mosaic or chip-like flooring usually of marble and stone

terrazo