Anorexia Nervosa Flashcards Preview

Neuropsychology and Psychiatric Disorders > Anorexia Nervosa > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anorexia Nervosa Deck (10):
1

What is AN?

A mental disorder characterised by the pursuit of extreme thinness and by extreme loss of weight

2

What are the prevalence rates, age of onset and mortality rates of AN?

Prevalence rates: 1-3% of adolescent females
Age of onset: 14-18 years old
Mortality rates: 2-8%

3

Name 3 treatments of AN + the big problem in treating AN

- hospitalization
- medications
- psychotherapy
problem: patients (especially in the acute phase) deny the problem (up to 90% are not in treatment)

4

What is the etiology in AN?

- sociocultural factors
- genetics
- neurotransmitters (abnormal levels ofserotonin, NE and DA)
- brain morpology (sulcal widening, ventricular dilation, cortical atrophy)

5

What are the main two proposed neuropsychological deficits in AN?

Set-shifting
Central coherence

6

What is set-shifting?

The ability to move back and forth between multiple tasks, operations or mental sets (is an executive function ability)

7

Name 2 measures of set-shifting

- time taken on the TMT part B
- number of perseverative errors on the WCST

8

What is central coherence?`

The natural tendency for people to integrate incoming information into context, gestalt and meaning

9

Name the 2 dimensions of weak central coherence

- bias towards superior detail processing
- weakness for global integration

10

Name a task in which 1) detail processing would benefit performance and 2) global processing would benefit performance

1) Embedded Figure Test
2) Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test