ANS Drugs Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > ANS Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in ANS Drugs Deck (24):
1

Phenylephrine (Neo-synephrine)

Alpha 1 adrenergic agonist

-Nasal congestion, hypotension, pupil dilation

2

Clonidine (Catapress)

Alpha 2 adrenergic agonist

-HTN, severe pain, BP

3

Methyldopa (Aldomet)

Alpha 2 adrenergic agonist

--HTN, severe pain, BP

4

Albuterol

Selective for beta 2 adrenergic agonist *

-Asthma, reduce preterm labor contractions
*Hyperglycemia in diabetics, tremors

5

Isoproterenol

Nonselective beta adrenergic agonist

6

Dobutamine

Beta adrenergic agonist

-Heart attack, failure, shock, AV heart block, cardiac arrest, profound hypotension

7

Epinephrine (Adrenalin)

Nonselective adrenergic agonists*

-Shock, V-fib, simple glaucoma/cataracts, GI hemorrhage, hyperkalemia, wheezing in infants, hypotension, cardiopulmonary resucitation
*Active labor, closed angle glaucoma, sulfite sensitivity, dysrhythmias, CAD, labor, HTN, hyperthyroidism

8

Ephedrine

Nonselective adrenergic agonists

9

Norepinephrine (Levophed)

Nonselective adrenergic agonists

10

Vasopressin

Nonselective adrenergic agonists

11

Prazosin (Minipress)

Alpha 1 adrenergic antagonists

-HTN, CHF, Raynaud's, prostatic outflow obstruction by competing with NE

12

Tamsulosin (Flomax)

Alpha 1 adrenergic antagonists

-Reduce the contraction of smooth muscle in prostate and bladder neck

13

Doxazosin (Cardura)

Alpha adrenergic antagonists

14

Propranolol, metroprolol, atenolol

Beta adrenergic antagonists

-Cardiac, glaucoma, anxiousness, migraines

15

Atropine

Antidote for parasympathetic nervous system

16

Pilocarpine

Direct-acting muscarinic agonists

-Open angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, induction of miosis (decrease pressure)

17

Acetylcholine

Direct-acting muscarinic agonists

18

Bethanecol

Direct-acting muscarinic agonists

19

Nicotine

Direct-acting nicotinic agonists

20

Neostigmine (Prostigmin)

Indirect-acting cholinergic agonists*(cholinesterase inhibitor) Ach ^

-skeletal muscle contractions, reverse neuromuscular blocking agents, glaucoma, prophylaxis of nerve gas poisoning
*GI obstruction/ileus, GU obsturction, peptic ulcers, cardiac patients, resp patients

21

Physostigmine/Pryidostigmine

Indirect-acting cholinergic agonists(cholinesterase inhibitors) Ach ^

-Myasthenia gravis

22

Atropine

Cholinergic antagonists

-Bradycardia, pulselessness electrical activity, asystole, CPR, decrease resp secretions, block cardiovagal reflexes, arrthymias, duodenal ulcers, IBS, cycloplegia (paralysis of cilliary muscles), iritis

23

Benztropine

Cholinergic antagonists

24

Scopolamine

Cholinergic antagonists

-Motion sickness, drying secretions, N/V