Antibiotics Flashcards Preview

Phase 1 week 2 - immune > Antibiotics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antibiotics Deck (13):
1

What is empiracal therapy?

An educated guess based on clinical symptoms. Used for more severe infections.

2

What is guided therapy

Identifying the cause of the infection and select agent based on sensitive testing. Used for mild infections

3

What is prophylactic therapy

The prevention of an infection before it even starts

4

Who is prophylactic therapy directed at?

People who are immunocompromised ie. have HIV or people who have been exposed to surgery/injury

5

What are the 3 main principles of antibiotic resistance

1. Mutation of target site
2. Inactivating enzymes
3. Limit access

6

What are the 2 main classes of antibiotics?

Bactericidal and bacteriostatic

7

Describe bacteriocidal antibiotics

Sterilise site by directly killing bacteria

8

Give an example of a bactericidal antibiotic

penicillin

9

Describe bacteriostatic antibiotics

Suppress bacteria growth but does not completley sterilise the site

10

Give an example of a bacteriostatic antibiotic

clarithromycin

11

Name 2 classes of antibiotic

cell wall agents, protein synthesis inhibitors and

12

Give an example of a cell wall agent

penicillins

13

Give an exmaple of protein synthesis inibitors

macrolides