White blood cells Flashcards Preview

Phase 1 week 2 - immune > White blood cells > Flashcards

Flashcards in White blood cells Deck (24):
1

Name the 5 white blood cells

Monocytes
Lymphocytes
neutrophils
eosinophils
basophils

2

What is the biggest white blood cell?

Monocyte

3

Where do monocytes originate

bone marrow

4

What are the 3 functions of monocytes

Act as macrophages
Help other WBC to identify pathogens
Help during wound healing

5

Name the 3 types of lymphocytes

t cells, b cells and natural killer cells

6

Name the 4 types of t cells

Memory t cells
Helper t cells
Cytotoxic t cells
Suppresor t cells

7

What is the function of suppresor t lymphocytes

To suppress the immune system from killing noraml healthy cells

8

What is the function of T helper cells

Release cytokines that bring about the production of antibodies

9

What is the function of T memory cells

Remain after process to help the immune system react quicker if it experiences the same antigen again

10

What is the function of cytotoxic t cells

Release chemicals that kill incoming organisms

11

Where do T cells originate

The thymus

12

Where do B cells originate

Bone marrow

13

What is the function of b cells

To produce antibodies

14

Are b cells specialised or unspecialised?

Specialised - they bind to a specific antigen

15

What is the function of natural killer cells

To initiate cell death in infected cells

16

What WBC are the bodies first line of defence?

Neutrophils

17

Where are neutrophils found

IN the blood stream

18

how long do neutrophils live for

only a few hours

19

What is the function of neutrophils

Phagocytosis

20

Where are basophils found

skin and mucosa tissue

21

What is the function of basophils

Release histamine in order to activate the inflammatory response

22

Where are eosinophils formed

bone marrow

23

Where are eosinophils found

blood stream

24

What is the function of eosinophils

respond to parasitic worms and are involved in phagoicytosis