Antibiotics of Choice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Antibiotics of Choice Deck (38):
1

Bacillus cereus

Vancomycin/Clindamycin

2

Borrelia burgdorferi

doxycycline (alt: erythromycin/amoxicillin)

3

Campylobacter jejuni

Azithromycin (alt: erythromycin)

4

Candida sp.

miconazole (skin/vagina), Fluconazole (systemic infxn)

5

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline/azithromycin (if dozy regimen compliance is suspected in pt, if

6

Clostridium difficile

Metronidazole (alt: vancomycin) ** both must be oral med

7

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

erythromycin + antitoxin

8

Gardnerlla vaginalis

metronidazole (alt: tinidazole)

9

Hemophilus ducreyi

azithromycin/ceftriaxone

10

Hemophilus influenzae

Cefotaxime/ceftriaxone (if life threatning); Amoxicillin-clavulanate (if non-lifethreatning)

11

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Doxycycline/azithromycin

12

Neisseria Gonorrheae

Ceftriaxone (ALWAYS tx for Chlamydia, even if ruled out with NAAT).

13

Neisseria meningitidis

Ceftriaxone

14

Bacillus anthracis

Penicillin G (only after isolate is proven sens to PCN, until then use: Ciproflox/levofloxacin/Doxycycline + Clindamycin/Rifampin + Raxibacumab (antitoxin Ab)).

15

Listeria monocytogenes

Ampicillin + gentamicin

16

Pasturella multocida

Amoxicillin/Cefuroxime

17

Salmonella typhi

ciprofloxacin

18

Shigella species

Azithromycin/any flouroquinolone (alt: ceftriaxone)

19

Treponema Pallidum

Penicillin G

20

Trichomonas Vaginalis

Metronidazole (alt: tinidazole)

21

Staphylococcus aureus

Oxacillin/naficillin; Dicloxacillin (skin); if MRSA: Vancomycin

22

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin G or V

23

Genital warts

podophyllin resin/cryotherapy/trichloroacetic acid

24

GBS prophylaxis for preg women

penicillin G during labor

25

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

any cephalosporin/amoxicillin-clavulanic acid

26

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin G

27

Vibrio Cholerae

IV Ringer's lactate + 1dose Doxycycline/azithromycin

28

Giardia Lamblia

Tinidazole/Nitazoxanide (alt: metronidazole)

29

Entamoeba histolytica

Metronidazole/tinidazole, then paramomycin/iodoquinol

30

Ascaris lumbricoides

Albendazole/mebendazole

31

Necator americanus

Albendazole (alt: mebendazole)

32

Trichinella spiralis

Albendazole + prednisone

33

Enterobius vermicularis

Mebendazole

34

Schistosoma spp.

Praziquantel

35

Diphyllobothrium latum

Praziquantel (alt: niclosamide)

36

Adenovirus (severe)

Cidofovir + probenecid

37

Influenza A (seasonal), Influenza B, Avian (H5N1)

Zanamavir/oseltamivir

38

Measles

Vitamin A (children) Ribavirin (adults)