Antidotes Flashcards Preview

COMLEX > Antidotes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antidotes Deck (15):
1

What is the effect of a Acetaminophen overdose? What's the antidote?

Liver failure; N-acetylcysteine

2

What is the effect of a Anticholinergic overdose? What's the antidote?

Anhydrosis, fever, mydriasis, delirium (Dry as a bone, mad as a hatterm blind as a bat, hot as a hare); Physostigmine

3

What is the effect of a Benzodiazepine overdose? What's the antidote?

sedation and resp depression; Flumazenil

4

What is the effect of a Opiates overdose? What's the antidote?

"MORPHINE" M-miosis, O-out of it (sedation), R-resp depress, H-HoTN, I-infrequency (constipation, urine reten), N-nausea, E-emesis; Naloxone

5

What is the effect of a Methanol overdose? What's the antidote?

severe abd pain, permanent blind; Ethanol

6

What is the effect of a Ethylene glycol overdose? What's the antidote?

Renal failure; Ethanol

7

What is the effect of a carbon monoxide overdose? What's the antidote?

Tightly bind Hb so death, directly blocks ETC, no ATP; oxygen

8

What is the effect of a cyanide overdose? What's the antidote?

drowsiness, tachycardia, coma, death; Amyl nitrate

9

What is the effect of a organophosphates overdose? What's the antidote?

SLUDGE- S-salivation, L-lacrimation, U-urination, D-defacation, G-GI upset, E-emesis; Atropine or Pralidoxime

10

What is the effect of a Lead overdose? What's the antidote?

inhibits Hb production; EDTA or BAL

11

What is the effect of a Heparin overdose? What's the antidote?

hemorrhage; protamine

12

What is the antidote of a beta blockers overdose?

glucagon and calcium

13

What is the antidote of a digoxin overdose?

Antidigoxin FAB Ab

14

What is the antidote of a iron overdose?

deferoxamine

15

What is the antidote of a warfarin overdose?

vitamin K