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Flashcards in Antimicrobials Deck (6)
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1

What are disinfectants?

Strong chemical agents that inhibit or kill micro-organsims

2

What are antiseptics?

Disinfecting agents with sufficiently low toxicity for host cells --> safe for skin but toxic to micro-organisms.

3

What are sterilants?

Kill vegetative cells and spores - appropriate times and temps.

4

Give examples of antiseptics

Iodine
Isopropyl alcohol
Chorhexidine

5

What is the difference between antiseptics ending in cidal/ static?

Cidal - denature proteins, cause osmotic disruption of the cell. KILLS CELLS.

Static - Interfere with specific metabolic processes - SLOWS DOWN ORGANISM SO IT CANNOT GROW.

6

What are key cellular targets for antimicrobials?

Cell wall, cell membrane, nucleic acid, protein synthesis.