Anxiety, Depressive, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders Flashcards Preview

PSYCH 1000 (Final) > Anxiety, Depressive, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anxiety, Depressive, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders Deck (12):

Anxiety Disorders

-Category of disorder involving fear or nervousness that is excessive, irrational, and maladaptive
-Most frequently diagnosed disorders
-Caused by frequent activation of Sympathetic nervous system in modern, stressed out society
-Act as a cycle (having social anxiety disorder causes avoidance of social situations, results in less confidence about social skills)


Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

frequently elevated levels of anxiety from normal challenges and stresses of everyday life


Panic Disorder

anxiety disorder marked by occasional episodes of sudden, very intense fear (panic attacks)



intense fear of having a panic attack in public, results in avoidance of public setting and isolation


Social Anxiety Disorder

strong fear of being judged by others or being embarrassed in public, results in limited social activities


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):

-plagued by unwanted, inappropriate, and persistent thoughts and tend to engage in repetitive almost ritualistic behaviours
-Compulsive behaviour serves as a means of coping with exited produced by obsessive thought
i.e. washing hands extremely frequently because you are obsessive about cleanliness


Major Depression

- disorder marked by prolonged periods of sadness, feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness, social withdrawal, and cognitive and physical sluggishness


Pessimistic Explanatory Style

set of habitual ways of explaining events to oneself which tend to be dysfunctional (i.e blaming self)


Stable Attributions

assuming situation will persist (i.e. it was always be like this)


Global Attributions

expanding impact of negative event into overall life (i.e. everything is ruined)


Bipolar Disorder (Manic Depression)

characterized by extreme highs and lows in mood, motivation, and energy
-involves depression at one end, mania (extremely energized/positive mood) at other end


Sociocultural Influences on Mood Disorders:

-Living in a specific neighbourhood can be a risk factor for mood disorder for 3 reasons
1) Higher daily stress due to substandard housing, increased crime rates…etc
2) More vulnerable to secondary stressors such as unemployment
3) Social ties not as strong
-Suicide 4 times more likely amount males than females, 2-3 time more likely amount Native Americans