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Flashcards in Anxiety/Stress Disorders Deck (86)
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1

Define Fear

Response to a real or perceived immediate threat

2

Define Anxiety

Expectation of future threat, feeling of fear, worry, and uneasiness to an overreaction to a situation that is only subjectively seen as menacing

3

When does anxiety become a disorder?

When symptoms interfere with a persons daily life or ability to function

4

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder

Muscle tension
Poor memory
Sweaty hands
Fear or confusion
Constant worry

5

Causes of Anxiety

Heart disease
DM
Thyroid problems
Asthma
Drug use/withdrawal
Tumors

6

Risk Factors for Anxiety

Female
Trauma
Stress due to illness
Personality disorders
Depression
Blood relative with anxiety disorder
Drugs/alcohol

7

2 Components of Anxiety

Awareness of physiological sensations
Awareness of being nervous or frightened

8

Emotional Symptoms of Anxiety

Excessive fear & worry
Feelings of apprehension
Trouble concentrating
Feeling tense
Anticipating the worse possible outcome

9

Physical Symptoms of Anxiety

Pounding heart
Sweating
Stomach ache
Frequent urination
SOB
Muscle twitches
Headache
Fatigue

10

Major Neurotransmitters in Anxiety

Norepinephrine: over activation
Serotonin: under activation
Dopamine
GABA

11

Treatment of Anxiety

CBT
Exposure Therapy
Medication
Alternative Treatment

12

Desensitization Exposure Therapy for Anxiety

Combines relaxation with a gradual exposure to whatever provokes the anxiety

13

Flooding Exposure Therapy for Anxiety

Involves intense and prolonged exposure to the feared stimulus

14

Modeling Exposure Therapy for Anxiety

Involves the witnessing of another handle a feared stimulus without anxiety

15

Medication Treatment for Anxiety

SSRIs
SNRIs
Benzodiazepines
TCAs

16

SE of SSRIs

Insomnia
Weight gain
Sexual dysfunction

17

SE of SNRIs

Upset stomach
Sexual dysfunction
Increase in BP
Insomnia

18

SE of TCAs

HTN
Urinary retention
Constipation

19

Alternative Treatment for Anxiety

Stress & relaxation techniques
Meditation
Yoga
Acupuncture
Kava: improves mood; OTC or herbal places

20

3 Categories of Anxiety

Anxiety Disorders
OCD
Trauma & stress-related disorders

21

Examples of Anxiety Disorders

Separation anxiety disorder
Selective mutism
Specific phobia
Social phobia
Panic disorder
Agoraphobia
GAD

22

Examples of OCD

OCD
Body dysmorphic disorder
Hoarding disorder
Trichotillomania: pull out & eat hair
Excoriation disorder

23

Examples of Trauma & Stressor-Related Disorders

Reactive attachment disorder
Disinhibited social engagement disorder
PTSD
Acute stress disorder
Adjustment disorder

24

Define PTSD

Debilitating condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a natural disaster, serious accident, terrorist incident, sudden death of a loved one, war, violent personal assault such as rape, or other life-threatening events

25

4 Types of Symptoms of PTSD

Re-experiencing symptoms
Avoidance symptoms
Hyperarousal symptoms
Children

26

Re-experiencing Symptoms

Flashbacks
Bad dreams
Frightening thoughts

27

Avoidance Symptoms

Staying away from events, places, objects
Feeling emotional numb
Feeling strong guilt, depression, worry
Losing interest in activities
Having trouble remembering the dangerous event

28

Hyperarousal Symptoms

Being easily startled
Feeling tense
Difficulty sleeping
Having angry outburst

29

Symptoms in Children

Bedwetting
Forgetting how or being able to talk
Acting out event during playtime
Being unusually clingy

30

Clinical Presentation of PTSD

T: traumatic event
R: re-experience
A: avoidance
U: unable to function
M: month long or more duration of symptoms
A: arousal is increased