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Flashcards in AOR/ AOM CH1/2 / TRAINING MANUAL UNKNOWN Deck (102):
1

wake turbulence

by product of lift
vortex is strongest when a heavy aircraft flies at slow speed in clean config
duration 2-3 min
sink at 4-500 fpm to 900' below aircraft
quartering tailwind is worst conditions
2 mins for takeoff and ldg

2

marking on wing upper surface

60-120cm
fluroscent yellow surrounded by black
few metres from cabin window and aft side of wing front spar

3

when does dynamic hydroplaning stop?

at 85% of hydroplaning speed
will not occur on grooved runway but may occur on NG when rainfall > 30mm/hr

4

DRAW and LIDAR

TERMINAL DOPPLER WEATHER RADAR
TERMINAL DOPPLER WEATHER LIDAR
DRAW can perceive the air current or microburst around airport by measuring the doppler shift between outgoing radio frequency and reflected radio frequency in addition to the ECHO intensity.
NRT, HND, KIX, HKG, PROVIDED BY ATC
LIDAR at NRT, HND also has windshear alerts

5

CAT I ILS EQUIP

MARKER RECEIVER IF REQD
ILS RECEIVER
FD (APP MODE) OR AP (APP MODE)

6

CAT II ILS EQUIP

2 ENG OPERATE NORMALLY
LAND 2
2 IRS (INCL AP IN USE)
2 EADI (DIFF SG)
2 EHSI
AP DISENGAGE SW 2
AP DISC WARNING 1
3 HYD SYS
2 GEN (APU IS OK)
WINDSHIELD WIPER 2
FWD WINDOW HT (NA NO ICING)
MARKER RECEIVER IF REQD

7

CAT III ILS EQUIP

2 ENG OPERATE NORMALLY
NORMAL FLT CONTROLS
LAND 3
3 IRS
2 EADI (DIFF SG)
2 EHSI
AP DISENGAGE SW 2
AP DISC WARNING 1
3 HYD SYS
2 GEN (APU IS OK)
WINDSHIELD WIPER 2
FWD WINDOW HT (NA NO ICING)
MARKER RECEIVER IF REQD
AT
AT DISC SW 2
AT DISC CAUTION 1
AB
ANTISKID
NWS

8

NON-NORMAL CONFIG LDG DIST CALCULATED?

BUG +5
TOUCHDOWN 1250'
TRANSITION TIME 3 SECS
THRUST - IF BOTH REV 85% N1 UNTIL 70KTS, IF 1 REV ONLY IDLE REV
FULL MANUAL BRAKING
TEMP DRY/WET 30 DEG
SNOW/ICE/SLUSH 0 DEG
PRESS ALT SEA LVL

9

TAKEOFF LIMIT WT TABLE

GENERAL TABLE WHERE NO INDIVID TABLE
ONE FOR RWY WITH NO OBSTACLE OTHER IS FOR OBSTACLE THAT HAVE UPWARD SLOPE OF 1/40 (2.5%) FROM RWY END BELOW TAKEOFF FLT PATH

10

REDUCED TAKEOFF THRUST

ASSUMED TEMP IS ASSUMED TEMP HIGHER THAN OAT
ACTUAL TAKEOFF WT IS WITHIN TAKEOFF LMT WT AT ASSUMED TEMP
RWY CONDITION IS DRY, DAMP OR WET
MEL/CDL WHICH AFFECTS TAKEOFF PERF NOT APPLIED

11

SEAT CHANGES BY PAX

FWD 3 PAX, AFT 3 PAX

12

taxi spd

normal taxi spd 20kts
up to 30kts with ample clearance long straight taxiway
>20kts use rudder steering
>5km max spd 20kts
<40% N1

13

taxi spds in turn

10kts dry
7kts wet
3kts slippery

14

rolling takeoff recmd when?

xwind >20kts

15

normal econ clb

250kts to 10K
290/M0.78 > 10k

16

v1 cut bank limit

< v2 +15 bank limit 15 deg

17

PM set MCT

PM adv thrust levers to MCT

18

go minded ness

except where there is serious doubt that the airplane can fly safely, it is safer to continue the takeoff than to reject near v1.
Even with engine fire/over EGT wih no thrust loss safer to go.

19

negative press relief door

cargo doors

20

use of EGPWS

do not use terrain display for navigation
do not use alerting:
within 15nm of airport or rwy not in database,
the FMS is in IRS only
unless FMS posn has been updated with 5 mins
during QFE ops

21

descent spd and rate at 5000'

1000fpm

22

what is stabilised?

attitude and position are correct
airspeed and sink rate and within limits
engine thrust is appropriate

23

oxy press pax

850 normal ops
1250 urumqi

24

oxy press F

850 non-ETOPS
ETOPS 2 ppl 850
3 ppl 1200
4 ppl 1500

25

Crossbleed start on ground

need 70% N2, idle is 67-68% so small increase on operating engine

26

cold wx taxi

EAI required and OAT 3 deg or below, do run-up
60% N1 for 30 secs every 30 mins

27

cold wx takeoff

run-up N1 60% for 30 secs

28

fan ice removal

70% N1 for 10-30 secs every 10 mins

29

CONT ignition

moderate to severe turb
heavy rain or hail
volcanic ash
iciing conditions

30

OEI driftdown

M0.80/310 KIAS

31

normal takeoff method

adv
directional control slippery runway etc

disadv
for strong xwind over 20kt/tailwind over 10kt use rolling to prevent engine surging

32

rolling takeoff method

adv
shortens takeoff time
least pax discomfort

disadv
longer takeoff dist 100-150'
directional control more difficult as each eng accel until stabilised
difficult for slippery rwy

33

static takeoff method

adv
less takeoff dist
directional control easier

disadv
on slippery rwy with full power and brakes on aircraft may start to slip and start moving with brakes on
increase chance of FOD
pax discomfort due to noise and rapid accel

34

spd for climb or descent with large head wind shear

320KIAS/M0.8 if ECON is near Vmo/Mmo
as the FMC may plan fast clib/descent due to strong wind

35

Two types of takeoff limit weight tables

General table
individual table

36

general table

used for rwy where there is no individual table

2 types of general table:
1) rwys with no obstacle in or near takeoff flt path
2) for restricted takeoff wts in consideration of obstacles that have an upward slope of 1/40 (2.5%) from the runway end below the takeoff flt path.

37

general table for severe obstacle

a general table of shorter usable rwy length may be applied

38

how to select approp general table

1) obtain eleve, rwy slope, rwy length avail without stopway/clearway
2) confirm slope within +/- 0.60%
3) confirm whether takeoff wt for rwy is limited by obstacles or not
4) not limited by obst, select field limited general table for rwy length which is equal to or less than rwy length in 1)
5) if takeoff limited by obst, confirm whether slope of obst from rwy end is greater than 1/40 (2.5%) by referring to limiting obstacle date or NOTAM
6) is not greater than 1/40 (2.5%) select obstacle limited general table for rwy length which is equal to or less than rwy in 1).

39

individual table

individual table avail for all regular airport

40

landing limit wt table

two types
1) general table
2) individual table

41

ldg table general table

for rwy with no indiv table

42

how to select ldg gen table

1) obtain elev, rwy length avail without clearway/stopway from RM/ Notam
2) slect gen table for rwy which is equal to or less than rwy length in 1)
3) from gen table in 2) sel elev which is equal to or higher than actual airport elev in 1)

43

ldg indivi table

only due to special reasons

44

basic limit weight

elev
1000' GENERAL TABLE
airport elev INDIVID TABLE

slope
+/- 0.60% GENERAL TABLE
avg slope of rwy INDIV TABLE

NO WIND
A/C PACKS ON
A/I OFF
DRY

45

1kt of tailwind =

reduction of field limit and climb limit for takeoff of approx 5500lbs depending on the length of the rwy

for landing 6600 lbs for 2500m rwy

46

what is CWS

Control wheel steering
deactivated
when pushed maintains the attitude
can use control wheel to turn and it will maintain the bank etc

47

If payload is greater than ACL, what are your actions?

reduce fuel to allow higher ACL
choose closer alternate
is payload freight or pax maybe offload freight to take extra pax
more efficient route or FL?
reduce taxi fuel

48

interview after lightning strike with mechanics

effective 3/4
operational check by mechanics can lead to a delay or flight cancellation
if sys were used by flt crew after lightning strike no anomalies observed then no need for mechanic to check
Sys such as:
HF
VHF
VOR
ADF
WXR radar
RA
DME
TX
MArker beacons
ILS
AP
SATCOM
GPS
FMCS
TCAS

49

actions when pilot leaves cockpit

low workload timing
brief possible upcoming duties whilst pilot absent
mutually confirm:
- position of cockpit door sw and sign for opening
- pilot remaining wears O2 mask correctly
- unobstructured access to flt controls

during absence
use AP and AT
pilot remaining ensure top priority on aircraft control

returning to cockpit
pilot visually check cockpit door sw before operating
pilots share info about what occurred whilst pilot absent

ensure radios are set correctly prior to leaving and when returning to cockpit

50

approving new company clearance

Capt can do so using ACARS
or WEB POBS using the internet

51

AIP

Aeronautical Information Publication
ICAO Annex 15
information of a lasting character essential to air navigation within Fukuoka FIR
checklist published every 28 days

52

AIP Amendment

new information of a lasting character to be contained in AIP or permanent changes to AIP

AIRAC amendments: information about ATS routes, nav aids, SID etc

53

AIP Supplements

temporary changes to AIP
coloured yellow

54

NOTAM

information concerning the establishment, condition or change in any aeronautical facility service, procedure or hazard, the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flt ops.

generally temporary nature and short duration

55

AIC

Aeronautical Information Circular
notice concerning information which does not qualify for NOTAM or AIP, but which relates to flight safety, air nav, explanatory and/or advisory in nature

56

Checklists

first day of each month is checklist of NOTAM currently in force via ATFN netwrok

57

Summaries

Summary of effective NOTAM covering Fukuoka FIR in plain language distributed to international NOTAM office concerned on first day of each month.

58

holdover time begins

when application of fluid commences

59

what conditions may vary HOT

precip intensity
total precip
type of precip
jet blast
wind velocity
OAT

60

min HOT relates to

moderate precip

61

max HOT relates to

light precip

62

where is vis chart located

AOM bulletin
do not use RVR need VIS

63

pre-takeoff contamination check

within 5 mins of takeoff

64

report from ground crew

type and brand of fluid
mixture ratio
time when commenced
position where commenced
condition of aircraft contamination chk

65

RNP is where and lateral separation?

datalink airspace overPacific ocean
Fukuoka FIR
Anchorage FIR
Oakland FIR

30nm lateral

66

RNP 4 contingency procs

advise ATC and follow instructions

67

where are RNAV 5 routes

Fukuoka FIR domestic routes FL290-410
RNAV 5 approved aircraft have priority for that airspace

68

Flight procs RNAV 1/5

No need to check DME Gap for RNAV 5 as ANA has sufficient IRS sensors

RNAV 5
DME/DME/IRS or VOR/DME/IRS

69

what is RAIM

Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring

4 satellites are not enough to provide integrity

requires a minimum of five satellites at adequate geometry to determine the integrity of the GPS position. If one is excluded then down to 4 satellites and unable to provide integrity monitoring

FDE (Fault Detection and Exclusion) uses six satellites to determine a faulty satellite and exclude it from the navigation solution

70

MEL proc?

Malfunction occurs
Maintenance contacts Assistant Dispatcher who liases with Flight Dispatcher about affect on flight operations

Maintenance briefs PIC by explaining the MEL and the maintenance action accomplished
Flight Dispatcher provides PIC with their judgment

FINAL DECISION BY PIC, also for CDL

71

MEL defn?

Certain equip or system inoperative

72

CDL defn?

Dispatch in configuration removing certain secondary exterior parts

73

EICAS cross reference list

Relation between EICAS msg and assoc MEL

74

Departing maintenance base with MEL?

Inoperative items of equipment or systems has to be deferred due to unavoidable reason (lack of spares, facilities, personnel, and time)

75

Classes of MEL – ABC

A specified in MEL
B 3 days excluding the day the malfunction was discovered
C 10 days excluding the day of malfunction

76

Instrument and equipment in cockpit ie speed bug or sunvisor

If intended function of flight instrument or equipment is maintained or PIC judges no influence on flight operations, repair may be deferred.

If judgment cannot be made, contact Fleet Adviser, Line Maintenance for advice

77

New RTO proc for PM

PM verify thrust levers closed
A/T disc
Max brake applied
SPDBRKS etc

78

Capt duties before emergency landing

- Decide on the course of action and issue the necessary instructions to crew members
- Explain to pax the situation and the outline of steps to be taken
- Announce ‘two minutes before touchdown’ 1000-1500’
- Brace command 30 secs before touchdown 100-150’

79

COP duties emerg ldg

- Assit capt
- Send distress signals on capt behalf

80

Capt equip to carry F

Flashlight
Crash axe
First aid kit
ELT

81

COP equip to carry F

Flashlight
Signal kit
ELT
Emerg food

82

Driftdown proc

MCP set 20000
CDU ENG OUT EXEC (this starts descent, selects CON)
Thrust levers Set MCT
Can use CO SPD M0.8/310 KIAS for faster descent if needed

83

Actions to be taken when a pilot leaves the cockpit

Choose a time of low workload
Make a cabin attendant enter the cockpit (unless a sick pax who needs urgent care)
Pilots must mutually confirm the position of the cockpit door sw
Pilot remaining must wear oxy mask
Unobstructured access to the flight controls

During absence
Use AP and AT
Pilot remaining must place top priority on aircraft control

Returning to the cockpit
Pilot must view all 4 camera angles
Confirm position of cockpit door sw

Once pilot returns, both pilots mutually confirm and share information on the flight condition during the pilot’s absence

84

Capt report based on GPWS warning

PULLUP, SINK RATE, TERRAIN, DON’T SINK, TOO LOW TERRAIN, TOO LOW FLAP, TOO LOW GEAR, GLIDESLOPE

‘DON’T SINK’ – not if during training or low alt level off from Naha

For ‘GLIDESLOPE’ exclude occurrence while transiting to visual reference, or transiting to circling app

Report based on BANK ANGLE is not required

85

Fuel imbalance report by ACARS

Auto ACARS msg
Fuel quant diff between L and R main tank – at or above 1000lbs
Duration – at or above 25 secs
Altitude – at or above 5000’

Once fuel imbalance detected, precaution inhibited for 45 mins
Precaution max twice during one flight

86

Interview after lightning strike by mechanics

No checks by maintenance after a lightning strike if flight crew used the system with no abnormality.

Appropriate systems:
HF ILS
VHF AP
VOR SATCOM
ADF GPS
WXR FMCS
RA TCAS
DME
ATC TX

87

Lavatory oxygen system

Chemical oxy generators removed due to security concerns

NEW cylinder bottle 3000 psi
25 year expiry
DECAL on back of Radio and journey log

Completed by Sept 2015

88

Prohibited fuel

JET B
JP 4

89

EGPWS restrictions

Do not use terrain display for navigation
Do not use look-ahead terrain alerting when:

Within 15nm of runway not in EGPWS database OR

For PAX JA602A and before and BCF
FMS in IRS NAV ONLY
FMS position updated within 5 mins
QFE ops

90

Fuel freezing points

JET A -40
JET A 1 -47
JP 5 -46
JP 8 -47

91

GA logic within 5’RA

GA remain armed until 2 secs after 5’RA
For the A/T, GA remains armed until the airplane is on the ground

Pushing either GA sw engages GA mode even if touch down occurs during the GA

If airplane is floating within 5’RA for >2 secs the pitch will be FLARE but AT GA

If airplane is on the ground but has been below 5’RA for less than 2 secs when GA is pushed the AP pitch mode will be GA but the AT will remain idle

92

IRS NAV only?

FMC has been without radio or GPS updating for a predetermined time

93

Nose gear distance

2m

94

Nose to main gear dist

22.76m

95

IRS alignment time

10-17 mins depending on latitude

96

Fast irs align

Removes accumulated track, ground speed, and attitude errors

30 secs

Selector to align, enter present position then NAV

Full alignment last 18hrs

97

IRS attitude

Sel ATT for when alignment is lost, IRU enters align mode for 30 secs should keep aircraft straight and level

98

FMC position updating

LOC AND GPS
LOC DME
LOC VOR DME
LOC
GPS
DME DME
VOR DME
IRS

99

Crew alertness TOD

At TOD
Advisory 10 mins
Caution 2 mins

Warning 1min

PILOT RESPONSE

100

EGPWS

Look ahead terrain awareness
Peaks and obstacles installed
EGPWS internal database provides prediction and display of potential conflicts between airplane flight path and man made obstacles

101

EGPWS alerts and displays

Man made obstacles of at least 100'
Cannot have OBSTACLE and TERRAIN AT SAME TIME
OBSTACLE HIGHER PRIORITY

FOR OBSTACLE need peaks and obstacles installed

102

Difference between TERRAIN TERRAIN PULL UP AND PULL UP

The caution envelope is TERRAIN TERRAIN
WARNING IS PULL UP

Therefore can go straight to warning envelope

only get OBSTACLE where peaks and obstacles installed