Aortic Dissection Cardiac Patho / Test 2 Flashcards Preview

CVPR 312 Cardiac Pathophysiology > Aortic Dissection Cardiac Patho / Test 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Aortic Dissection Cardiac Patho / Test 2 Deck (18):
1

What are the 3 arteries that branch from the ascending arch ?

Inominate Artery
Left Carotid Artery
Left Subclavian Artery

2

Percentage of Aortic Dissection due to Cystic Medial Necrosis ?

20%

3

Percentage of Aortic Dissection due to Marfan Syndrome?

20% - 40%

4

Percentage of Aortic Dissection due to "Other"?
Hypertension
Aortic Valve Disease
Coarctation
Preganancy
Trauma
Manipulation

60% - 80 %

5

Aortic Dissection Classification
for Less than 2 weeks?

Acute

6

Aortic Dissection Classification
for More than 2 weeks ?

Chronic

7

Aortic Dissection Classification percentage for Ascending ?

60-70%

8

Aortic Dissection Classification percentage for Descending ?

25%

9

Aortic Dissection Classification percentage for Arch ?

10%

10

Aortic Dissection Clinical Features of pain?

Severe, tearing
Interscapular
Precordial
Neck
Migrating
Persisting

11

Major Vessel Occlusion of the Arch can lead to ?

CVA, Syncope

12

Major Vessel Occlusion of the Intercostals can lead to ?

Paraplegia

13

Major Vessel Occlusion of the Renals can lead to ?

Oliguria, Anuria

14

Major Vessel Occlusion of the Iliacs can lead to ?

Leg Ischemia

15

Clinical Features of SHOCK for an Aortic Dissection?

Mediastinal Hematoma
Acute Aortic Insufficency
Cardiac Tamponade

16

Physical Examination to diagnose an Aortic Dissection?

Pulses
Heart
Chest/Lungs
Abdomen

17

Imaging to diagnose an Aortic Dissection?

Chest Radiograph
Echo
Transthoracic
Transesophageal
Aortography
CAT Scan
MRI Scan

18

What is the best Aortic Dissection Diagnostic Modalities

CT Scan