AP Human Geography Flashcards Preview

AP Human Geography > AP Human Geography > Flashcards

Flashcards in AP Human Geography Deck (36):
1

Place

a specific point on Earth distinguished by particular characteristics (physical)

2

Space

refers to the physical gap between two objects

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Connections

relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space

4

Map

a two dimensional or flat representation of Earth;s surfce or a portion of it.

5

Density

the frequency in which something exists within a given space or area

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Arithmetic Density

the total number of people divided by the total land area

7

Physiological Density

the number of people per unit of arable land

8

Hearth

the region from which something originates

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Relocation Diffusion:

the spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people

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Hierarchical Diffusion

the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority/power

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Disperse

objects in an area that are far apart

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Clustered

objects in an area that are close together

13

Concentration

the spread of something over a given area

14

Absolute Distance

distance measured in standard units

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Relative Distance

the measure of the social, cultural, and economic connectivity between two places.

16

Location

the position of anything on Earth's surface

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Distribution:

the arrangement of some thing across the surface

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Site

the physical characteristics of a place

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Situation

the location of a place according to another

20

Region

an area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features

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Functional Region

an area organised around a focal or node

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Perceptual Region

an area people believe exist as a part of their cultural identity

23

Globalization

actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope

24

Scale

the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature

25

Distance Decay

the diminishing of importance and eventual disappearance of a phenomenon with increasing distance from its origin

26

Time-space Compression

the reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place as a result of improved communications and transportation systems

27

Distortion

when the shape of an area or distance is altered

28

GIS

a computer system that stores, organizes, and analyzes and displays geographic data

29

GPS

a system that determines the precise location of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations and receivers.

30

Graduated symbol map

is a proportional map that uses the visual variable of size and shape to represent differences in the magnitude of a phenomenon

31

Cartogram

is a map that shows on which statistical information is show in a diagrammatic form

32

Dot Map

a map that uses dots to show the presence of a feature or phenomenon

33

Choropleth Map

a map that uses color to indicate values in those areas

34

Mental Map

a representation of a portion of earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where a place is located

35

Projection

the system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat surface

36

Formal Region

an area in which people share one or more common characteristics