Unit Two AP Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit Two AP Exam Deck (41):
1

Population Distribution: Where are people and why do people live where they do?

South Asia, South East Asia, East Asia. People tend to avoid places too wet, too dry, too cold, or too mountainous.

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Ecumene

The portion of the Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.

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Arithmetic Density

People divided by the total land area

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Physiological Density

People per unit of arable land

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Agricultural Density

The ratio of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.

6

Carrying Capacity

A number of people a place can keep alive with a certain amount of resources

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Describe Stage One DTM

Low growth, high CBR high CDR

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Describe Stage Two DTM

High Growth, high CBR, decreasing CDR because of medical advancements

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Describe Stage Three DTM

Moderate Growth, decreasing CBR, slowly decreasing CDR

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Describe Stage Four DTM

Low Growth, low CBR, low CDR, zero population growth

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NIR

the percentage of people in a year computed as the crude birth rate CBR-CDR

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Doubling Time

The time it takes for the population to double

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CBR

babies born for every 1000 people in a year

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CDR

deaths for every 1000 people in a year

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Sex Ratio

females per 100 males

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Maternal Mortality Rate

Moms dead per 100,000 births

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Dependency Ratio

People >15 and 64+ compared to the people active in the workforce.

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Malthusian Theory

People will outgrow a number of resources available

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ETM

things that kill according to the DTM stages

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Pronatalist

More babies

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Antinatalist

Less babies

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Zero Population Growth

When Births|Immigration = Deaths|Emigration

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Push Factors

Famine, disease, political, etc. -

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Pull Factors

Jobs, freedom, etc. +

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Forced Migration

Permanent move, not voluntary

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Transnational Migration

is a permanent movement from one country to another

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Internal Migration

is permanent movement within the same country

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Interregional Migration

is a movement from one region within a country to another

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Intraregional Migration

is a movement within one region

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Chain Migration

Migrants going to the place where other migrants are

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Step Migration

Small movements to a greater destination

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Refugees

forced migrants usually because of political turmoil in their home country

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Internally Displaced Persons

Still live inside their country just not at their home

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Asylum Seekers

Hope to get recognized as a refugee

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Intervening Obstacle

Object that hinders migration

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1st Wave of Migration

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Europeans

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2nd Wave of Migration

Trail of Tears and West-Northern Europeans

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3rd Wave of Migration

Asian

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4th Wave of Immigration

Latinos and Asians (Europeans too)

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Remittances

Money sent home from immigrants

41

Cultural Diffusion

Spread of cultural beliefs and social activities from one group to another. The mixing of world cultures through different ethnicities, religions and nationalities