Unit Three AP Exam Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit Three AP Exam Deck (37):
1

Folk Culture

Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogenous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.

2

Popular Culture

Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.

3

Ethnocentrism

The belief that one's own culture is the best or better than other cultures.

4

Contagious Diffusion

The rapid, widespread of a feature or trend throughout a population.

5

Stimulus Diffusion

The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.

6

Relocation Diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend that through the bodily movement of people from one place to another.

7

Hierarchical Diffusion

The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places.

8

Acculturation

The process of adjustment to the dominant culture while retaining features of a folk culture.

9

Assimilation

The process by which one cultural group becomes integrates into the larger more dominant culture.

10

Multiculturalism

The presence of, or support for the presence of, several distinct cultural or ethnic groups within a society.

11

Toponym

The term for a place name.

12

Creole Language

A language that results from the mixing of a colonizers language with the indigenous language of the people being dominant.

13

Lingua Franca

A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages.

14

Dialects

A regional variation of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.

15

Isoglosses

A b

16

Extinct Languages

A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used/

17

Pidgin Language

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communication among speakers of two different languages.

18

Isoglosses

A boundary that separates regions in which different languages usages predominate.

19

Official Language

The language adopted for the use by the government for the conduct of business and publication documents.

20

Extinct Languages

A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used.

21

Isolated Languages

A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.

22

Common Language Families

Two Largest families Indo-European 46.5% Sino-Tibetan 20.1%

23

Universalising Religions

A religion that attempts to appeal to all people to all people, not just those living in a certain location.

24

Ethnic Religions

A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.

25

Pilgrimage

A journey for religious purposes to a place considered sacred.

26

Major Branches of Christianity and Location

Christianity has three major branches:
Roman Catholic (50%)
Protestant (38%)
Orthodox (12%)
Latin America]-Roman Catholic
America/UK- Protestants

27

Sunni VS Shiite (beliefs and location)

Differences between Shia and Sunni Islam referred incorrectly to the Prophet Muhammad's succession. Sunnis believe this, Shiites believe that he chose Ali, his cousin and son-in-law.

28

Language family is spoken by most people on earth today?

Indo-European

29

Hierarchical VS Autonomous Religions

Hierarchical Religion: a religion on which a central authority exercises a great degree of control.

30

What is the principal religion of Central and South America?

Roman Catholicism

31

The majority of Sikhs are found in this region of India?

Punjab Region

32

What country has the majority of the population of Shiite Muslims?

Iran

33

Name at least one state that has the highest concentration of Amish?

Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana

34

What branch of Buddhism can be found in China, Japan and Korea?

Mahayanist

35

Besides Christianity, what does Mormonism and Roman Catholicism have in common?

Both hierarchical religions.

36

Which country has the largest number of Sunni Muslims?

Indonesia

37

A green space in the center of a town reflects the traditional cultural landscapes of which US region?

New England