# AP Overview Flashcards

## From the section names to the types of questions, use these cards to review the fundamentals of the AP Physics exam.

1
Q

How long is, and how many sections comprise, the AP Physics exam?

A

The AP Physics exam is 3 hours long (plus break between sections) and has two 90 minute sections.

2
Q

What type of sections come on Test Day?

A

Section 1 is a multiple-choice section.

Section 2 is a free-response section.

3
Q

What percent of the total score does each section comprise?

A

Exactly 50% of the total score is contributed from each section.

4
Q

How many questions total, and what type, are there in section I?

A
• 70 questions total in section I.
• All of the section I questions will be multiple-choice, and cover the entire range of physics content.
5
Q

How many questions total, and what type, are there in section II?

A
• 6-7 questions total in section II.
• Section II consists of longer and shorter free responses. Long free responses are estimated at 17 minutes each, and short free responses at 11 minutes each.
6
Q

How long are the sections?

A

Both sections are 90 minutes.

7
Q

Is there a penalty for guessing on the multiple choice portion?

A

No penalty for guessing.

All questions on the AP Physics test are worth the same value: 1 raw point if correct, 0 raw points if incorrect.

8
Q

How is the Free Response section scored?

A

The free response section is scored at the annual AP Reading held during the first two weeks in June. Specially appointed college professors and experienced AP teachers evaluate free-response answers and set standard score values.

9
Q

What is the score range and what does that correlate to?

A

5 Extremely well qualified*
4 Well qualified*
3 Qualified
2 Possibly qualified
1 No recommendation**

*Most schools accepting AP credit will offer full credit for either a 4 or a 5 score.
**No schools accepting AP credit will offer full credit for a score of 1.

10
Q

What is the average (50th percentile) score of students in 2012?

A

Mean score in 2012 was a 2.93.

Note: many schools do not accept a score of 3 for full college credit, as that is too close to the mean national score.

11
Q

How does the final score get determined?

A

During score-setting sessions composite scores are translated into AP scores by setting boundaries for each score based on a statistical technique called equating.

Equating relates an AP Exam from one year to an AP Exam from another year by looking at how well AP students performed on a set of multiple-choice questions that is common to both exams.

12
Q

When can I use a calculator, and what kind can it be?

A

Only during section II.

Calculators are not permitted on the multiple-choice section.

Any standard multi-function calculator, or graphing calculator may be used.

The memory does NOT have to be cleared prior to or after the exam, though a proctor may ask to verify that no additional equations/data are stored there.

13
Q

What calculators are NOT permitted on the AP test, for any reason, on any section?

A

Calculators that are not permitted are

• PowerBooks and portable/handheld computers;
• electronic writing pads or pen-input/stylus-driven devices (e.g., Palm, PDAs, Casio ClassPad 300);
• pocket organizers; models with QWERTY (i.e., typewriter) keypads (e.g., TI-92 Plus, Voyage 200);
• models with paper tapes;
• models that make noise or “talk”;
• models that require an electrical outlet; cell phone calculators.
• Calculators may not be shared between students.
14
Q

How much time does the AP anticipate a question from section I should take to answer?

A

60-90 seconds to answer a multiple-choice question.

If finishing exactly on time, each question will average to be 77 seconds.

15
Q

The section II questions can be broadly chosen, but what two types of questions must appear?

A

Of the section II questions:

At least one will be a longer free response question, based primarily on content not tested in the multiple choice section.

At least one will be a shorter free response question, based on content that may have shown up in the multiple choice section.

16
Q

What are the equation tables, and when can they NOT be used?

A

Equation tables contain the common equations used in physics. They are printed both near the front cover of the exam booklet and on the green section II inserts provided.

The equation tables are NOT permitted for use with the multiple-choice section. You may not bring your own equation table.

17
Q

How much Physics content does the AP expect is known prior to taking the exam?

A

There are 18 general Physics categories, and 60 subject areas with multiple sub-topic points in each.

The following cards highlight the main bulk of material that is expected to be known.

18
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Kinematics, and what general topics does it test?

A

Kinematics comprises 7% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Vectors and Vector Algebra
• Displacement, Velocity, Acceleration
• Coordinates and Components
• Motion in 1 and 2 dimensions
19
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Newton’s Laws, and what general topics does it test?

A

Newton’s Laws comprises 9% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• First Law (static equilibrium)
• Second Law (singly particle dynamics)
• Third Law (systems of 2+ objects)
20
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Work, Energy and Power, and what general topics does it test?

A

Work, Energy and Power comprises 5% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Work-Energy Theorem
• Forces and Power
• Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy
21
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to systems of motion and momentum, and what general topics does it test?

A

System of motion and momentum comprises 4% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Impulse and Momentum
• Conservation of Linear Momentum
• Collision Types
22
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Rotation and Circular Motion, and what general topics does it test?

A

Rotation and Circular Motion comprises 4% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Uniform motion
• Torque and Rotation
23
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Oscillation and Gravitation, and what general topics does it test?

A

Oscillation and Gravitation comprises 6% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Simple harmonic motion
• Springs and Pendulums
• Newton’s law of gravity
• Orbits of planets and satellites
24
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Fluid Mechanics, and what general topics does it test?

A

Fluid Mechanics comprises 6% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Hydrostatic pressure
• Buoyancy
• Fluid flow
• Bernoulli’s equation
25
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Temperature and Heat, and what general topics does it test?

A

Temperature and Heat comprises 2% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Mechanical Equivalent of Heat
• Heat Transfer and Thermal Expansion
26
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics, and what general topics does it test?

A

Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics comprises 7% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Ideal gases
• Kinetic model and Ideal gas law
• Laws of thermodynamics (first and second)
27
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Electrostatics, and what general topics does it test?

A

Electrostatics comprises 5% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Charge and Coulomb’s law
• Electric field and electric potential
28
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Conductivity, and what general topics does it test?

A

Conductivity comprises 4% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Electrostatics with conductors
• Capacitors and Capacitance
29
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Electric Circuits, and what general topics does it test?

A

Electric Circuits comprises 7% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Current, resistance, power
• Steady-state direct current circuits with
batteries and resistors only
• Capacitors in circuits
30
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Magnetic Fields, and what general topics does it test?

A

Magnetic Fields comprises 4% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Forces on moving charges
• Forces on current-carrying wires
• Fields of long current-carrying wires
31
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Electromagnetism, and what general topics does it test?

A

Electromagnetism comprises 5% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

32
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Wave Motion, and what general topics does it test?

A

Wave Motion comprises 5% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Traveling waves
• Wave propagation
• Standing waves
• Superposition
33
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Optics, and what general topics does it test?

A

Optics comprises 10% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Interference and diffraction
• Dispersion and the electromagnetic spectrum
• Reflection and refraction
• Mirrors and Lenses
34
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Atomic and Quanta, and what general topics does it test?

A

Atomic and Quanta comprises 7% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Photons and the photoelectric effect
• Compton scattering and x-rays
• Atomic energy levels
• Wave-particle duality
35
Q

What percent of the test is dedicated to Nuclear Physics, and what general topics does it test?

A

Nuclear Physics comprises 3% of the test.

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/ap-physics-course-description.pdf

• Nuclear reactions
• Mass–energy equivalence