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Flashcards in AP World History 1 Deck (500)
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1

abdicate

give up; such as power; as of monarchs and emperors; or duties and obligations

2

allies

one side in World War I: Great Britain; France; and Russia; later joined by the U.S.

3

armaments

military weapons and equipment

4

armistice

a state of peace agreed to between opponents so they can discuss peace terms

5

atomic energy

the energy released by a nuclear reaction

6

Cold War

a conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted each other on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.

7

collectivization

system in which private farms were eliminated; instead; the government owned all the land while the peasants worked on it.

8

containment

American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world

9

decolonization

the collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962; practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence.

10

deposed

removed from office or power

11

democratization

the process of creating a government elected by the people

12

ethnic cleansing

the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area

13

exodus

a large-scale departure or flight

14

fascism

a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition

15

First World

the largely democratic and free-market states of the United States and Western Europe (Cold War to today)

16

front line

the line along which opposing armies face each other

17

globalization

the process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade

18

global warming

an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)

19

guerilla

a member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks on enemy troops occupying his/her country

20

legislature

a group of people who have the power to make laws

21

militarism

policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war

22

nationalize

put under state control or ownership

23

national socialist party

(Nazi Party) was a far-right; racist political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945.

24

nuclear

(weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy

25

recession

an economic setback

26

reparations

payment for damages after a war

27

sectarian

limited to the beliefs of a small group; such as a religious sect; narrow in scope

28

terrorism

the use of violence by groups against civilians to achieve a political goal

29

third world

term applied to a group of "developing" or "underdeveloped" countries who professed nonalignment during the Cold War.

30

totalitarian

characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control