AP World History 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in AP World History 2 Deck (500)
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1

Medici family

powerful banking family who ruled Florence in the 1400s; patrons of the arts

2

Mercator Projection

a map projection of the earth onto a cylinder

3

Baron de Montesqieu

created the idea of seperation of power

4

Nasir al-Din

Islamic 13th century scholar who wrote mathematical tables

5

Isaac Newton

defined the laws of motion and gravity. Tried to explain motion of the universe.

6

patrons

a person who supports artists; especially financially

7

putting-out system

system of merchant-capitalists delivering raw materials to cottage workers for processing and payment

8

Raphael

(1483-1520) Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos; his most famous being The School of Athens.

9

Renaissance Man

a scholar during the Renaissance who (because knowledge was limited) could know almost everything about many topics

10

Jacques Rousseau

French philosopher that believed the right to rule should be from the people; not a king.

11

rule of law

principle that the law applies to everyone; even those who govern

12

William Shakespeare

English dramatist and poet; considered one of the greatest writers in the English Language

13

Adam Smith

Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790)

14

Voltaire

believed in religious tolerance and freedom of speech

15

Atahualpa

last ruling Inca emperor of Peru. He was executed by the Spanish.

16

caravel

a small; highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic.

17

castas

middle-level status between Europeans and pure minorities (made up of mezitos and mulattoes)

18

Christopher Columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)

19

conquistadors

Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain

20

Hernan Cortes

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)

21

creoles

descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social; political; economic status

22

Vasco Da Gama

Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India

23

Bartholomew Dias

Portuguese navigator that discovered the Cape of Good Hope

24

encomenderos

Spanish settlers who were in charge of the natives working on the encomiendas

25

Atlantic Circuit

the network of trade routes connecting Europe; Africa; and the Americas

26

Henry the Navigator

Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa.

27

indentured servant

person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to America.

28

Bartholome de Las Casas

a Spanish priest who settled in the New World and was against the torture and genocide of Native Americans.

29

Ferdinand Magellan

Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.

30

Manila galleons

Heavily armed; fast ships that brought luxury goods from China to Mexico and carried silver from Mexico to China.