Flashcards in AP World History 2 Deck (500)
powerful banking family who ruled Florence in the 1400s; patrons of the arts
a map projection of the earth onto a cylinder
Baron de Montesqieu
created the idea of seperation of power
Islamic 13th century scholar who wrote mathematical tables
defined the laws of motion and gravity. Tried to explain motion of the universe.
a person who supports artists; especially financially
system of merchant-capitalists delivering raw materials to cottage workers for processing and payment
(1483-1520) Italian Renaissance painter; he painted frescos; his most famous being The School of Athens.
a scholar during the Renaissance who (because knowledge was limited) could know almost everything about many topics
French philosopher that believed the right to rule should be from the people; not a king.
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone; even those who govern
English dramatist and poet; considered one of the greatest writers in the English Language
Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790)
believed in religious tolerance and freedom of speech
last ruling Inca emperor of Peru. He was executed by the Spanish.
a small; highly maneuverable three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish in the exploration of the Atlantic.
middle-level status between Europeans and pure minorities (made up of mezitos and mulattoes)
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
descendents of Spanish-born but born in Latin America; resented inferior social; political; economic status
Vasco Da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India
Portuguese navigator that discovered the Cape of Good Hope
Spanish settlers who were in charge of the natives working on the encomiendas
the network of trade routes connecting Europe; Africa; and the Americas
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa.
person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to America.
Bartholome de Las Casas
a Spanish priest who settled in the New World and was against the torture and genocide of Native Americans.
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.