Flashcards in Applied Anthropology Deck (27)
Definition of Applied Anthropology
the use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve practical problems, often for a specific client
Aspects of applied anthro
-research aimed at practical applications
-problem oriented research aimed at the world's contemporary populations
-Apply anthropological data, concepts and strategies
-Try and solve social economic and technological problems:
--at home and abroad
What is B.A.R.F.?
What happens at the facility?
Bodies are donated to science
-decomposition is recorded
-temperature is noted
-photographs are taken
-known information about the individual is cross referenced with information extrapolated from the individual
What happened in the 1920's?
Anthropologists were asked to help with the war effort
What did anthropologists do during WWII?
recruited by the national research council to study
-food preferences (during rationing)
-National character studies on our enemies
What new type of anthropologist emerged in the 1970's to the present?
-not employed in academics:
-due to a decline in the job market
-combined with an increase in federal legislation
-National Historical Preservation Act (1966)
-NAGPARA (Native American Grave Preservation Repatriation Act)
What organizations have been supporting Applied Anthropology?
-Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
-World Health Organization (WHO)
-Family planing clinics
-Urban planning departments
What did anthropologists help with in Haiti? Who was it?
-in 4 years 75,000 households planted 20 million trees
What did anthropologists help with in India?
Baby food wasn't selling.
Babies were on the packaging, therefore they assumed that babies were the ingredient.
What did anthropologists help with in S. America?
Helping people understand that the microbes in there drinking water were microscopic. Showing that they did indeed need to boil it.
What is applied anthropology aimed at?
directed culture change
What is an anthropological researcher responsible?
Anticipating a ethical dilemmas
What is the A.A.A.?
American Anthropological Association
What is project camelot?
U.S. military funded program to study cicil violence in Asia, Latin America, Africa, and Europe
-Several revolts took place
-Anthropologists were involved in studies
What questions were brought up by project Camelot?
Was the project a legitimate attempt to collect social science data?
Was it a cover for the U.S. military?
What lesson did anthropology learn from project camelot?
All anthropologists have an ethical responsibility to avoid research that is in any way morally questionable.
What is the HTS?
the human terrain system
-the military embeds anthropologists with troops in Iraq and Afghanistan
-may not be an expert in that culture
-advise commanders on situations
What is the HTS goal?
Help soldiers understand local culture
What is part of the A.A.A. code of conduct?
-Must have informed consent of participants
-mandates no harm to people who are studied
What disciplines are involved in medical anthropology?
What does medical anthropology do?
-Studies human health in a variety of environments and cultural contexts
-Holistic approach to health
What is the environmental factor of medical anthropology?
-the effect people have on the environment
-the biological effect of environment on the people
-example: tropical environments
What is the cultural aspect of medical anthropology?
-view cultural practices that make people sick
-example: using local ricer as a place to provide water for animals and using that same water to drink
-medicinal plants used to cure illness
What is our example of the use of medical anthropology?
-Papua New Guine
What types of medical practitioners did we discuss in class?