Flashcards in Are you smarter than a physiotherapist: Easter Edition (CH3) Deck (37)
What phase of healing is characterized by blood clotting and subsequent dissolution of the clot?
What phase of healing is characterized by formation of new tissue?
What phase is characterized by cleaning wounds of cellular debris and preparing for deposition of new tissue?
What phase of healing involves maturation of new tissue?
What order do the phases of healing occur in?
Hemostasis, Inflammatory, Proliferative, Remodeling
Angiogenesis and fibroplasia are key components of what phase of healing?
What factors influence healing?
Health status, presence of comorbidities, age, nutrition, lifestyle, and compliance w/ treatment
stage 1 skin damage shows what?
No breaks in skin
stage 2 skin damages shows what?
Breaks in epidermal and dermal layers
stage 3 skin damage shows what?
Breaks in epidermal, dermal, and subcutaneous layers
stage 4 skin damage shows what?
Full-thickness break including surrounding tissues
What is the final outcome of skin damage?
Less elastic, but retains structural and functional properties
What is paratenonitis?
Inflammation of the peritenon or tendon sheath; grade I
What is paratenonitis with tendinosis?
Tendon degeneration with paratenon inflammation; grade II
What is tendinosis?
Tendon degeneration without paratenon inflammation; grade III
What is Tendinitis?
Inflammation within the tendon; grade IV
What constitutes grade V tendon pathology?
Complete tendon rupture
Define a grade I sprain
Minor tearing without increased translation
Define a grade II sprain
Partial tearing with mild to moderate increase in translation
Define a grade III sprain
Complete tear with a marked increased in translation
What is the outcome of tendon and ligament damage?
Weaker and less elastic, structural and functional properties will never match intact ligament or tendon
Define grade I cartilage damage
Define grade II cartilage damage
Lesion to less than half the depth
Define grade III cartilage damage
Lesion to half depth up to subchondral plate
Define grade IV cartilage damage
Lesion through the subchondral plate exposing the bone
What is the outcome of cartilage damage?
A mixture of hyaline and fibrocartilage that does not approximate structure or function of intact cartilage
What bone breaks are synonymous with grad I, II, and III damage?
Simple, Compound, Comminuted
What is the outcome of bone damage?
Identical to intact bone, ideal
What occurs in a first degree muscle strain?
Minimal tissue damage, minimal bleeding and rapid healing