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Flashcards in Argentina Deck (99):
1

Argentina borders what other countries?

N: Bolivia, Paraguay
E: Brazil, Uruguay
W: Chile

2

Climate of Argentine WM Region

Dry Continental

3

Andes creates a ___ which is the reason for Argentina's dry climate.

Rain Shadow Effect

4

___ moderates Argentina's desert-like climate.

Elevation

5

Average vineyard elevation

900m

6

Name 2 effects of elevation in Argentine vineyards

> Solar Radiation
> DTS

7

Wind that affects Argentina's vineyards

Zonda

8

___ is a hot, dusty wind that blows down from the Andes; it can adversely affecting ___.

a) Zonda
b) Flowering

9

Piedra

Hail (Spanish)

10

Mendoza Soil

Alluvial Sand over Clay

11

Patagonia Soil

Chalk

12

What does "Finca" mean?

Estate

13

Argentina's wine law was established in ___ and enacted in ___.

a) 1999
b) 2004

14

Argentina WL requires minimum ___% stated grape.

80%

15

If a blend, Argentina WL requires minimum ___% for any listed varietal.

20%

16

Reserve and Gran Reserva Requirements (Argentina)

Reserva
W: 6 mo. aging
R: 12 mo. aging

Gran Reserva
W: 12 mo. aging
R: 24 mo. aging
***only permitted for premium grape varietials (no pink)

17

Name the 3 tiers of Argentina WL

DOC
IG: Indicación Geografica
IP: Indicacion de Procedencia (Table Wines)

18

Indicación Geográfica (IG) Reqs (Argentina)

Vitis Vinifera from specific region

19

DOC Reqs (Argentina)

Restrictions on alcohol, yields, aging, WM

20

Name the DOCs of Argentina

(2)
Lujan de Cuyo DOC
San Rafael DOC

21

Argentina is the worlds ___th largest producer of wine and ___th largest exporter.

a) 5th
b) 7th

22

Name the 3 major regions of Argentina

Northern Region
Cuyo (Central)
Patagonia

23

Name the Ins of the Northern Region

Juyjuy
Salta
Catamarca
Tucuman
Calchaqui Valley

24

Top 6 red grapes of Argentina (OOI)

Malbec
Bonarda
CS
Syrah
Merlot
Tempranillo

25

Bonarda was recently to be the same as ___'s ___ and is called ___ in the US.

a) Savoie
b) Corbeau
c) Charbono

26

T or F: Argentina's Bonarda is the same as Italy's.

False

27

Argentina's #1-grown white grape

Pedro Giminez

28

T or F: Pedro Giminez is related to Pedro Ximinez

False

29

Pink-skinned varietals account for ___% of Argentina's production.

30%

30

Name 3 pink-skinned varietals of Argentina

Cereza
Criolla Chica
Criolla Grande

31

Top 4 white grapes of Argentina

Pedro Giminez
Torrontes
Chardonnay
Chenin Blanc

32

Torrontes is a crossing of what 2 grapes?

Criolla Chica & M. of Alexandria

33

Top clone of Torrontes

Torrontes Riojano

34

3 Torrontes Grapes

Torrontes Riojano (MoA x Criolla Chica)
Torrontes Sanjuanino (MoA x Criolla Chica)
Torrontes Mendocino (MoA x ?)
*all 3 may be labeled as "Torrontes"

35

Vineyard latitude range in Argentina

23-42nd Parallel

36

Two types of irrigation in Argentina

Furrow (developed by Incas/traditional)
Drip (modern)

37

Furrow Irrigation

Water brought to vineyards via channels

38

Cooler vintages (Argentina)

2001, 2005, 2008, 2010, 2011
2013-2016

39

Describe 2014 and 2015 (Argentina)

Cool and rainy; Challenging; wines are dilute and herbaceous

40

"El Nino" Vintages

1998
2016

41

Recent Warm/Classic Vintages (Argentina)

2002
2009
2012

42

Top Salta Producers

Colome (D. Hess)
Etchart (M. Rolland)
Yacochuya
"Crios" (S. Balbo)

43

Salta Sub-Regions

Cachi IG
Cafayette IG
Molinos IG
San Carlos IG

44

Where is Molinos IG?

Salta

45

Top Sub-Region of Salta

Cafayate

46

Catamarca IG

Northern Region

47

Calchaqui' Valley IG

Northern Region (includes departments within Salta, Catamarca and Tucuman)

48

Name the WM provinces of Cuyo N to S.

La Rioja IG
San Juan IG
Mendoza IG

49

La Rioja IG Sub-Region

Famatina Valley IG

50

Famatina Valley IG

La Rioja IG Sub-Region

51

GF of Famatina Valley IG

N to S Orientation so greater ventilation

52

Argentina's 2nd-largest WM region

San Juan

53

San Juan wine styles

Traditionally known for Pink-skinned grapes; brandy/vermouth styles; today more focus on quality

54

Zonda Valley, Tulum and Fertile Valley IGs are located where?

San Juan

55

Where is the Jachal Valley IG?

San Juan

56

Where is the Pedernal Valley IG?

San Juan

57

Viticulture in San Juan is made possible by ___ from the ___.

a) irrigation
b) San Juan River

58

Mendoza accounts for ___% of Argentina's production.

70%

59

Mendoza Climate

Arid Continental

60

River of Mendoza

Mendoza River

61

The first vines in Mendoza were planted in ___'s by ___.

a) 1500's
b) Catholic Jesuits

62

Why was there a boom in WM in the 1800's? (Name two reasons)

1. Sp/Italian immigrants arrive to escape phylloxera
2. Railroad

63

Major grape of San Rafael DOC

Chenin Blanc

64

What 2 grapes account for 1/4 of Mendoza's production?

Cereza & Criolla Grande

65

5 Geo. Sectors of Mendoza

N. Mendoza
Central Mendoza
S. Mendoza
E. Mendoza
Uco Valley (W. Mendoza)

66

GIs of Mendoza (N to S)

Maipu' IG
Lujan de Cuyo IG
Uco Valley IG
San Rafael DOC
General Alvear IG

67

Where is Maipu' IG located?

N. Mendoza

68

Where is Lujan de Cuyo DOC

N. Mendoza

69

What river runs through the Uco Valley?

Tunuya'n River

70

Uco Valley Top sub-region

Tupungato IG

71

Gualtallary

Unofficial sub zone of Tupungato IG

72

Where are Vista Flores, Altamira & La Consulta Its?

Uco Valley

73

Where is Tunuyan IG?

Uco Valley

74

Where is General Alvear IG?

S. Mendoza

75

Where is San Rafael DOC?

S. Mendoza

76

Lujan de Cuyo DOC Styles

DOC only for Malbec

77

Top Producers of Lujan de Cuyo

Achaval Ferrer
Bressia
Catena
Dominio del Plata

78

Cheval de Los Andes is a collaboration between what 2 wineries? Where is it located?

Ch. Cheval Blanc and Terrazes de los Andes
Mendoza

79

Napa's Argentine Cousin

Uco Valley IG

80

Uco Valley IG GF

Elevation

81

Name the top 3 subregions of Uco Valley

San Carlos IG
Tunuya'n IG
Tupungato IG

82

Where is Vista Flores IG?

Uco Valley IG

83

Where is Clos de Los Siete based out of?

Uco Valley (M. Rolland)

84

1st IG to be officially approved

Altamira IG in Uco Valley

85

1st Malbec vines in Argentina were planted where?

San Carlos IG (Uco Valley)

86

Who produces BenMarco, Signature and Nosotros?

Susan'Balbo's Dominio del Plata

87

Caro is a project between what 2 wineries?

Lafite and Zapata

88

Who is the only producer to use San Rafael DOC on label?

Valentin Bianchi

89

Name the WM provinces of Patagonia

Chubut IG
La Pampa IG
Neuquen IG
Rio Negro IG

90

Top producers of Patagonia

B. Noemia (Rio Negro)
B. Chacra (Rio Negro)

91

B. Chacra is located in ___. It was started by ___ and is known for ___.

a) Rio Negro
b) Sassicaia
c) PN

92

B. Noemia is located in ___ and is known for ___.

a) Rio Negro
b) Malbec

93

Grape of Famatina Valley

(La Rioja) Torrontes

94

What W grapes are seeing success in Tupungato IG?

(Uco Valley IG) CH & Semillon

95

Top grape of General Alvear IG

(S. Mendoza) Chenin Blanc

96

Which region of Argentina has the longest GS?

Patagonia

97

Top W grapes of Patagonia

Torrontes & Semillon

98

Top R grapes of Patagonia

MBC, CS, MRT, PN

99

Patagonia has a higher or lower latitude than Mendoza?

Higher!