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Flashcards in Languedoc-Roussillon Deck (93):
1

Corbieres-Boutenac styles/grapes

RED ONLY
Carignan (+ G/S/M)

2

___ has France's driest and hottest vineyards.

Roussillon

3

Overarching appellation for Languedoc-Roussillon. It was known as ___ until 20__.

a) Languedoc AOP
b) Coteaux du Languedoc
c) 2016

4

___ on a bottle of Rivesaltes signifies minimum ___ years aging.

Hors d'Age

5

Languedoc AOP wine styles

White
Rose
Red

6

Montagne Noir is part of what mountain range?

Cevennes Mountains

7

Languedoc's 1st AOP

Fitou (1948)

8

Les Aspres grapes and styles

(Cotes du Roussillon AOP)
RED only
Syrah and Mourvedre ( + Grenache)
*min. 3 grapes

9

Corbieres styles and grapes

White: BB, GB, Macabeu, Marsanne/Roussanne, Vermentino
Rose/Red: G/S/M, Lladoner Pelut, Carignan
*known for rose/red

10

Minervois sub-zone

Minervois-La Liviniere AOP

11

The Cevennes Mountains are a continuation of the ___.

Massif Central

12

Languedoc AOP whites are made predominately from what grapes?

Bourboulenc
Clairette
Grenache Blanc
Picpoul
Marsanne/Roussanne
Vermentino
*min. 2 grapes (mandatory blend)

13

Muscat de Frontignan Grapes and Styles

Muscat Blanc a' PG
VDN and VDL

14

The only AOP that requires oak aging for whites?

Limoux AOP WW

15

Maury AOP Grapes and Styles

Dry Red and VDN
R: Grenache
VDN Blanc/Ambre: Grenache B/G, Macabeu, Tourbat
VDN Grenat/Tuile: min. 75% Grenache
*VDN Blanc and Grenat must carry vintage
*VDN Ambre and Tuile: min. 3 years aging

16

Minervois Styles and Grapes

White
Rose/Red: G/S/M (+ Carignan/Cinsault)
*known for reds/85% red

17

Most of Languedoc AOP production takes place in the ___.

EAST

18

What is garrigue?

Provencal landscape; LS-based scrubland with herbs (RM, lavender, etc.)

19

Soil of Languedoc

Varied: LS, Schist, Clay, Marl, SS

20

Name 2 crus of Languedoc AOP

Cabrieres
Gres de Montpellier
La Mejanelle
Montpeyroux
Pezenas
Quatourze
Saint-Christol
Saint-Drezery
St-Georges-D'Orques
St-Saturnin
Sommieres

21

___ is on decline due to EU vine-pull scheme

Carignan

22

Name 2 WHITE ONLY AOPs of Languedoc

Clairette du Languedoc
Picpoul de Pinet

23

Terrasses du Larzac Grapes and Styles

RED ONLY
G/S/M

24

Top producer Boutenac

Gerard Bertrand (Euro winery of the year)

25

EU classifies any fortified wine as ___.

VDL

26

Languedoc AOP has ___ "Crus"

11

27

St. Chinian has 2 sub-zones. What are they? What wines do they produce?

Berlou and Roquebrun
RED ONLY from G/S/M

28

Which Southern Rhone appellation marks Languedoc's Eastern-most border?

Costieres du Nimes AOP

29

Languedoc AOP rose/reds are made predominately from what grapes?

G/S/M
Lledoner Pelut
*min. 2 grapes (mandatory blend)

30

Cotes du Roussillon-Villages comes from ___ communes ___ of Les Aspres.

a) 32
b) North

31

Top 2 W grapes of L-R

#1 Chardonnay
#2 Sauvignon Blanc

32

Collioure AOP Grapes/Styles

Unfortified wines of Banyuls: White, Rose, Red
W: Grenache B/G, Macabeu, Tourbat
R: G/S/M, Carignan

33

Rivesaltes AOP Styles and Grapes

VDN ONLY
Rose
Grenat: 100% Grenache
Ambre, Tuile
*Grenache B/G/N, Macabeu, Tourbat
*All styles can incorporate all varietals except grenat

34

Grape preferred for rose' in L-R

Cinsault

35

Traditional/Modern Training Systems of the Languedoc-Roussillon

Traditional: Bush Vines/Gobelet
Modern: Guyot/Wire Trellising

36

Top 3 R grapes of L-R

#1 Syrah
#2 Grenache Noir
#3 Carignan

37

Malepere Grapes and Styles

Rose: min. 40% CF
Red: min. 40% Merlot

38

Rivesaltes Min. ABV

15% (actual)

39

Most quality production of Languedoc takes place in the ___.

WEST

40

Name 2 appellations outside of Languedoc-Roussillon that produce fortified red wines.

Rasteau AOP (S. Rhone)
Commandaria (Cyprus)

41

Muscat de Frontignan Min. RS

VDN: 110 g/l
VDL: 185 g/l

42

Limoux AOP Grapes and Styles

White: Mauzac/Chenin/CH
Red: min. 50% Merlot
Methode Ancestrale: 100% Mauzac
Blanquette de Limoux: TM: min. 90% Mauzac

43

Limoux AOPs

Cremant de Limoux AOP
Limoux AOP

44

What is the only AOP in France that requires both BDX and S. French grapes?

Cabardes AOP

45

Name the Eastern-most appellation of Languedoc

Muscat de Lunel AOP

46

Fitou AOP styles and grapes

RED ONLY
Caragnin-Grenache Blends

47

Fitou AOP is divided into what unofficial (non-contiguous) sub-zones?

Montagneu
Maritime

48

What is "Minervois Noble"?

Sweet WW

49

St. Chinian AOP Grapes and Styles

White
Rose
Red

50

Banyuls grapes and styles

VDN only (Blanc/Ambre, Grenat/Tuile', Rose)
Grenache B/G/N, Tourbat, Macabeu

51

VDN appellations of Roussillon

Rivesaltes AOP
Banyuls AOP/Banyuls Grand Cru AOP
Maury AOP

52

Cotes du Roussillon Grapes and Styles

White: GB/Macabeu/Tourbat (min. 2 grapes)
Rose/Red: G/S/M ( + max. 50% Carignan)

53

Fitou AOP can produce grapes for what AOP?

Rivesaltes/Muscat de Rivesaltes

54

Minervois-La Liviniere AOP Styles and Grapes

RED ONLY
G/S/M/C/C (min. 2 grapes)

55

Blanquette de Limoux Grapes and Styles

TM
Mauzac

56

VDL is ___ sweet than VDN.

More!

57

Banyuls Traditionnel vs. Banyuls Grand Cru

Traditionnel: 50% Grenache
Grand Cru: 75% Grenache + 30 mo. oak aging

58

Cremant de Limoux Grapes and Styles

TM White and Rose
W: min. 50% CH

59

Picpoul de Pinet AOP Grapes and Styles

WHITE ONLY
100% Picpoul Blanc

60

Minimum RS for Banyuls and Banyuls Grand Cru

Min. 45 g/l RS

61

Cabardes Grapes and Styles

Rose and Red: CF/CS/MRT + GR/SH

62

Name the fortified AOPs of the Languedoc

Muscat de Frontignan
Muscat de Lunel
Muscat de Mireval
Muscat de St. Jean de Minervois

63

What VDN appellation also produces dry reds?

Maury AOP

64

___ introduced mutage in the ___th century.

a) Andre de Villeneuve
b) 13th

65

Muscat of Rivesaltes is ___ sweet than Rivesaltes

MORE!

66

S-most AOP of Central France

Banyuls

67

Roussillon produces ___% of France's fortified wines.

90%

68

What is another name for VDL?

Mistella

69

Dry wines from Banyuls are produced under what?

Collioure AOP

70

Cotes du Roussillon AOP sub-zone

Les Aspres

71

T or F: Maury produces only fortified wines

FALSE

72

Name 3 Languedoc Crus that recently achieved their own appellation status?

Terrasses du Larzac (2014)
La Clape (2015)
Pic St. Loup (2017)

73

Muscat of Rivesaltes Min. RS

Min. 100 g/l RS

74

Roussillon is only part of France since ___.

1659

75

Which 4 communes may append name to Cotes du Roussillon-Villages AOP?

Caramany
Latour du France
Lesquerde
Tautavel

76

Rivesaltes Grenat Grape

100% Grenache

77

What's Mauzac called in the Languedoc?

Blanquette

78

Rivesaltes Min. RS

45 g/l RS

79

Clairette du Languedoc Grapes and Styles

WHITE ONLY
100% Clairette

80

Western-most AOPs of the Languedoc

Cabardes AOP
Malepere AOP
Limoux AOP

81

Where is Corbieres? Name its sub-region.

W. Languedoc
Boutenac

82

What is Picardin in the Languedoc-Roussillon?

Sweet WW from Clairette/Picpoul Blanc (17th Ce.)

83

T or F: Mechanical Harvesting is common the Languedoc-Roussillon

True

84

In Rivesaltes, mutage normally occurs ___ than in Port.

Earlier

85

Regional AOP of Roussillon

Cotes du Roussillon
Cotes du Roussillon Villages

86

Overarching IGP for Languedoc-Roussillon

Pays d'Oc IGP

87

Name the 3 Departments of Languedoc-Roussillon (E to W)

Gard
Herault
Aude

88

The ___ Mountains are located ___ of Languedoc Roussillon and the ___ Mountains are located in the ___.

a) Northwest
b) Southwest

89

When considered collectively, Languedoc-Roussillon is #___ in vine acreage and vine accounts for ___% of France's production. Only ___% is AOP.

30%

90

Cotes du Roussillon-Villages AOP Grapes and Styles

RED ONLY
G/S/M/Carignan
*min. 2 grapes

91

Muscat of Rivesaltes Grapes and Styles

VDN and VDN Muscat de Noel: MBaPG and M. of A.

92

Faugeres AOP Styles and Grapes

White
Rose/Red

93

What are Bonbonnes? What are they used for? Where?

a) glass vessels
b) Rivesaltes
c) aging wine under the sun