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Flashcards in Aristotle Deck (25):
1

Aristotle lived from

384 BC - 322 BC

2

What is Aristotle's epistemology

Use your senses to look at the things around you

3

What are the 4 causes of being

1. causa materialis
2. causa formalis
3. causa efficiens
4. causa finalis

4

What is the causa materialis

the material cause, matter, what something is made of

5

What is the causa formalis

the formal cause, form, that owing to which something becomes a certain something

6

What is the causa efficiens

the efficient cause, that owing to which things come into existence

7

What is the causa finalis

the final cause, telos, that for the sake of which something exists

8

What is potency

the potential a substance has: a nut has the potential to become a tree, potential to fulfill its telos

9

What is act

the actualization of the potency: being the actual tree

10

What is teleology

explanation of phenomena by their purpose

11

What is Aristotle's critique on Plato

1. how can the essences be apart from the actual thing (participation)
2. Plato is creating another world to explain this world, but he can't explain change
3. how do we get the knowledge of the things surrounding us if we turn away from them
4. what about colours and relations, we can't see only a colour or only tallness

12

What are (primary) substances

concrete, individual things with essential and coincidental qualities

13

What is the essential quality of a primary substance

essence, eidos

14

what is the coincidental quality of primary substance

can be left out

15

What is Aristotle's ethics

everybody can be happy as long as they use reason in the right way

16

what does virtue is in the mean mean

use reason to not go into excess or defect

17

According to Aristotle you have to find balance between

rationality and emotion

18

What is Aristotle's opinion on the good

there is no Form of the good, good always refers to something

19

what is eudaimonia

flourishing, well-being

20

what are the 3 parts of the soul according to Aristotle

1. human part / rational part
2. sensitive part
3. vegetative part

21

what is the rational soul

the highest part of the soul, reason

22

what is the sensitive soul

sense perception, locomotion

23

what is the vegetative soul?

the lowest part of the soul, growth and nutrition, animals and plants

24

what is the supreme Good

happiness is the supreme good, it is an end in itself

25

What is the human telos

developing yourself qua human being, by using reason